Think Tank

1. Introduction

Author:Song, Y

Source:ASIAN WOMEN,2017,Vol.33

2. Institutionalizing Rural Women's Political Participation in China: Reserved Seats Election for Women

Author:Song, Y

Source:ASIAN WOMEN,2016,Vol.32

Abstract:Electoral gender quotas have been introduced in many countries around the world. China is no exception. Despite a short democratic election tradition and a long history of patriarchal customs, China is keen to promote its women's political participation at the grassroots. The author analyses the Chinese government's motivations for imposing electoral quotas for women's political participation in village governance. Taking Zhejiang, one of the most developed coastal provinces in China, as an example, the article studies the reserved seats elections for both women representatives in the village assembly and women members in the villagers' committee. By examining the policies, measures, and implementation of such election practice, the author argues that the current institutional arrangement of rural women's political participation has on the one hand effectively increased the number of women participating in grassroots polity and helped them to get access to power, but caps women's number and confines women to gendered working roles on the other. In the long run, however, there are prospects for the improved redistribution of power positions between men and women and the lessened reproduction of gendered roles of women members.
3. Ethnic Identity Politics and the Transformation of the Developmental State: Industrial Structure, Democratic Transition, and Policy Constraints in Taiwan

Author:He, T

Source:ASIAN POLITICS & POLICY,2020,Vol.12

Abstract:Numerous studies have examined the transformation of the Taiwanese developmental state. This paper argues that Taiwan's ethnic identity politics have produced lingering effects on the state's transformation process. In particular, recent changes to the developmental state can be traced back to Taiwan's ethnic identity politics at three different stages. First, the state's developmental strategy shaped by the Kuomintang Party's (KMT) mainland identity affected Taiwan's post-war industrial structure as was formed between the 1950s and 1970s, which in turn affected the level of policy constraints generated by business and labor actors. Second, the rise of a Taiwanese identity in the 1970s facilitated Taiwan's democratic transition in 1986, which transformed the political foundation of the state's economic policy-making. Third, the subsequent democratic bipartisan politics triggered by two competing national identities (i.e. Chinese and Taiwanese) further transformed the political environment in which the state's economic decision-making occurred from the early-2000s onwards.
4. Chinese online public opinions on the Two-Child Policy

Author:Wang, SX;Song, Y


Abstract:Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use Weibo as a window to examine the Chinese netizens' online attitudes and responses to two sets of population policy: the Selective Two-Child Policy (Phase 2) and the Universal Two-Child Policy. The population policy change from the rigid One-Child Policy to the Selective Two-Child Policy then to the Universal Two-Child Policy aroused great attention of the Chinese people. Design/methodology/approach This research uses the crawler technique to extract data on the Sina Weibo platform. Through opinion mining of Weibo posts on two sets of population policy, the Weibo users' online opinions on the Two-Child Policy are analyzed from two perspectives: their attention intensity and sentiment tendency. The research also use the State Bureau of Statistics of China's national population data between 2011 and 2016 to examine the Chinese people's actual birth behaviors after implementing the two different sets of the Two-Child Policy. Findings The research findings indicate that the Selective Two-Child Policy (Phase 2) and the Universal Two-Child Policy are good examples of thematic public sphere of Weibo. Weibo posts on the two sets of the Two-Child Policy have undergone different opinion cycles. People from economically developed regions and populous regions have paid more attention to both sets of Two-Child Policy than their counterparts in the less developed and less populated regions. Men pay more attention to the Two-Child Policy than women do. Despite people's huge attention to the new population policy, the population growth after the policy is not sustainable. Research limitations/implications The new population policy alone is difficult to boost China's population within a short period of time. The Chinese Government must provide its people with enough incentives and supporting welfare to make the population growth happen. Originality/value These findings have important implications for understanding the dynamics of online opinion formation and changing population policy in China.
5. Xi Jinping's Successors

Author:Bo, ZY


Abstract:In spite of its strong appearance, the era of Xi Jinping will eventually come to a close. Conceivably, there are four possibilities for the ending date of the era of Xi Jinping: 2022-23; 2027-28; 2032-33; or the death of Xi Jinping. Naturally, the end of the Xi Jinping era will be the beginning of the post-Xi Jinping era. There are at least four scenarios that mark the dawn of the post-Xi era. Identifying Xi Jinping's successors in the first scenario is the easiest and most straightforward if the principles of political institutionalisation are followed. The second scenario conceives a two-stage succession, which facilitates the identification of successors if Xi is believed to retire after his third term. It is difficult to speculate who would succeed Xi for the third scenario after Xi would have been in power for 20 years. It is the most difficult to discuss Xi's political successors for the fourth scenario if Xi refuses to relinquish his power until his death.
6. Women's Political Participation in Rural China:Agency, Power Distribution and Inheritance

Author:SONG Yu

Source:Journal of China Women's University,2017,Vol.29

Total 6 results found
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