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1. Why Do Firms Pay Dividends?: Evidence from an Early and Unregulated Capital Market

Author:Turner, JD;Ye, Q;Zhan, WW

Source:REVIEW OF FINANCE,2013,Vol.17

Abstract:Why do firms pay dividends? To answer this question, we use a hand-collected data set of companies traded on the London stock market between 1825 and 1870. As tax rates were effectively zero, the capital market was unregulated, and there were no institutional stockholders, we can rule out these potential determinants ex ante. We find that, even though they were legal, share repurchases were not used by firms to return cash to shareholders. Instead, our evidence provides support for the information-communication explanation for dividends, while providing little support for agency, illiquidity, catering, or behavioral explanations.
2. Media Coverage and Stock Returns on the London Stock Exchange, 1825-70

Author:Turner, JD;Ye, Q;Walker, CB

Source:REVIEW OF FINANCE,2018,Vol.22

Abstract:News media plays an important role in modern financial markets. In this article, we analyze the role played by the news media in an historical financial market. Using The Times's coverage of companies listed on the London stock market between 1825 and 1870, we examine the determinants of media coverage in this era and whether media coverage affected returns. Our main finding is that a media effect mainly manifests itself after the mid-1840s and that the introduction of arm's-length ownership along with markedly increased market participation was the main reason for the emergence of this media effect.
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