Department of Architecture

Department of Architecture and Design
Design Building (DB), South Campus
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University
111 Ren'ai Road Suzhou Dushu Lake Science and Education Innovation District, Suzhou Industrial Park
Suzhou,Jiangsu Province,P. R. China,215123
1. AC/E Accion Cultural Espanola; Q Fundacion Arquia

Author:Sofia Quiroga


2. Suzhou's modernity within space and spatial relations


Source:Suzhou in Transition,2020,Vol.


Author:Fischer, T;De Biswas, K;Ham, JJ;Naka, R;Huang, WX


4. A history of design institutes in China: from Mao to market

Author:Han, JW


5. Less is Enough

Author:Williams, A


6. When is analog? When is digital?

Author:Fischer, T


Abstract:Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present a cybernetic way of seeing analog and digital along with a basic vocabulary for discussing assumptions underlying the use of both terms. Design/methodology/approach - Taking analog and digital not as properties of observed phenomena but as properties of observers, I ask not what is digital or analog, but what I do when I use these terms. I analyze introspectively, and report on, what I think my assumptions are when using the two terms. Findings - I develop a basic vocabulary to describe engagements that I describe as analog or digital. This vocabulary is applicable beyond technical contexts and suitable also for discussing social and creative processes. It includes a kind of observer who I call matchmaker. Research limitations/implications - The presented research is preliminary and subjective. Originality/value - While previous discussions consider analog and digital as properties of observed phenomena, they are considered here as properties of observers. The presented discussion is sufficiently abstract to account for the analog and the digital at various scales, including electronic signal processing and human interaction. The author argues that discussions of engagements described as analog or digital must account for observers of these engagements, including those who act as their matchmakers.
7. Some notes on the incompleteness theorem and shape grammars

Author:Theodoros, Dounas

Source:Communications in Computer and Information Science,2013,Vol.369 CCIS

Abstract:The paper presents a critique of the Shape Grammar paradigm viewed through the lens of the incompleteness theorem of Go¨del. Shape Grammars have been extensively researched through many lenses. Their productive systemic nature was the focus of the first papers along with more recent treatises in the field while their use in analysis of known building styles has been extensive and a proven mechanism for style analysis. It is surprising though that use of Shape Grammars in actual design in practice however has been minimal. The architectural community has not actively used the paradigm in the design of real buildings, probably because of the rigid analytical approach to style and rules, following from the academic analysis that the paradigm has been subjected to. However I propose that there is another underlying reason, other than the rigid approach to construct a Shape Grammar. The nature of the concurrent application and creation of the rules lies close to the incompleteness theorem of Go¨del, that uses a multitude of Turing Machines to prove that a from a set of True Axioms-A-we will never be able to determine if all sentences are true, without having to invent new axioms, outside the initial set-A-, thus unproven in terms of their true or false nature. Negation of this possibility drives us to the conclusion that true Design can never be feature-complete and thus can never be placed in a trusted framework that we all agree or believe it to be the complete truth. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
8. From geometrically to algebraically described hyperbolic paraboloids: An optimisation-based analysis of the Philips Pavilion


Source:RE: Anthropocene, Design in the Age of Humans - Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, CAADRIA 2020,2020,Vol.1

Abstract:In this paper, we present a procedure to derive algebraic parameters from geometrically described truncated hyperbolic paraboloid surfaces. The procedure uses parametric modelling and optimisation to converge on close algebraic approximations of hyperbolic paraboloid geometry through a successive breakdown of vast search spaces. We illustrate this procedure with its application to the surfaces of the 1958 Philips Pavilion designed by Le Corbusier and Iannis Xenakis. This application yielded previously unavailable parametric data of this building in algebraic form. It highlights the power of the parametric design and optimisation toolkit, both in terms of automated search and epistemological enablement.
9. Eco-City Comparison: West versus East


Source:Sustainability (United States),2018,Vol.11

Abstract:Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city (SSTEC) in northeast China is described by Zhan and de Jong as "the best-known" of all eco-cities. As a newly created urban area, it was constructed with the intention to create a model city of, inter alia, ecologically benign technology, public transport, fresh air, and minimal carbon emissions. SSTEC is reputed to be "the first experiment to plan, build (sic) a new city in an ecological way." This article examines the nature of Tianjin's claims to eco-city status and compares and contrasts some of its key performance indicator [KPI] goals and achievements. As a control, an outline of KPIs from Tianjin Eco-city are set against the environmental and sustainable criteria derived from London, chosen given the brevity of this article. This article is not an international comparison of Eco-city Frameworks between two eco-cities; rather, it is a comparative assessment between a large, historic, non-eco-prefixed city and one of the most high-profile, new Chinese eco-cities in the world. These cities are not comparable in scale, history, culture, industry or sociopolitical structure-that is one reason for their choice. This article does not consider whether one or the other city is better or more or less compliant, but is an attempt to understand whether the "eco" label itself has merit. If benchmarks for the urban environmental performance of a city are site specific, then are they meaningful benchmarks? If non-eco-cities comply with eco-criteria, then what does the prefix tell us? The intention is to begin a process that leads to better understanding of the eco-city phenomenon and to inquire as to whether referencing eco-city labels can provide a useful interpretative mechanism for urban strategic planning. 1 2 3
10. A Comparative Study of Void Deck in Suzhou Industrial Park and Singapore

Author:HAN Jiawen;WANG Han

Source:Community Design,2021,Vol.

11. Shakedown loading capacity prediction of metal-based nanocomposites


Source:Journal of Physics: Conference Series,2019,Vol.1303

Abstract:© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. Nano reinforcement of metals cannot escape the attention of designers who seek to improve overall performance of engineering structures from automotive components to biomedical devices. Since many engineering structures are susceptible to variable cyclic load, presenting shakedown design of them is of the present research interest. So that, in the present research the shakedown loading capacity of metal based nanocomposite is estimated through finite element discretization and interior point optimization method. Finally, the results are obtained for plate structures subjected to two independent biaxial loads. A maximum improvement of 71.2%% is achieved for shakedown load factor of the structure, which means a remarkable improvement in load bearing capacity of the structure.
12. 恩斯特·鲍希曼中国传统建筑调研及其影响初探--以其20世纪初对宁波及普陀山地区佛教建筑研究为例



Abstract:  作为早期研究中国传统建筑的欧洲学者之一,德国建筑师恩斯特·鲍希曼(Ernst Boerschmann,1873~1949,又译柏石曼)于1902~1930年三次来到中国,对于中国传统建筑进行考察活动,调查范围遍及十四个省,拍下数千张反映古代皇家建筑、宗教建筑和代表各地风情的民居等内容的中国传统建筑及景观照片,并对包括普陀山宗教建筑在内的大量传统建筑进行了测绘工作。其中,在第二次考察(1906~1909年)过程中,他在宁波及普陀山进行考察,其对象包括天童寺及普陀山宗教建筑等。返回德国之后。他将考察所获得的资料整理,连续出版了6部论述中国传统建筑的专著,成为这一时期欧洲对于中国传统建筑领域研究的权威。本文在全面介绍鲍希曼对于中国传统建筑考察活动的基础上,以其在宁波及普陀山地区开展的调研工作为对象,深入分析其德文著作《中国的建筑和宗教文化之一:普陀山》所载内容,研究其作为一个西方建筑师对于中国传统建筑的研究方法及研究特点,并对其工作中尝试建立的中国传统建筑类型学档案的研究方法在近代对于中国风格建筑产生的影响进行分析,并对这一方法及其成果对今天传统建筑保护工作带来可能的影响展开探讨。
13. Generative column and beam layout for reinforced concrete structures in China

Author:Herr,Christiane M.;Fischer,Thomas

Source:Communications in Computer and Information Science,2013,Vol.369 CCIS

Abstract:This paper outlines generative strategies for the design of structural layout patterns of columns and beams in reinforced concrete structures based on contemporary local construction practice in China. Following an introduction to constraints and opportunities of this new potential context for generative design application, possible generative strategies are proposed and discussed, with a view to their viability within the local context. The proposed strategies are illustrated in terms of geometry, generative sequence and plausibility of construction and discussed in terms of visual and overall structural merit. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
14. An Introduction to Design Cybernetics

Author:Fischer,Thomas;Herr,Christiane M.

Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Since it ascended in the mid-twentieth century on the basis of technical and scientific advances made during World War II, cybernetics has influenced design theory and research. It was appreciated by its originators primarily as a theoretical framework and as a common language to bridge disciplinary boundaries, but soon found more prominent applications in goal-oriented control engineering. Since around 1970, it developed a reflective, more philosophical, and less control-focused perspective referred to as second-order cybernetics. This perspective recognises circular causality, non-determinism, the subjective observer and other concepts avoided by natural science. In this way, it offers an approach to self-organising systems that negotiate their own goals in open-ended processes – in other words: design. As an introduction to design cybernetics, this chapter outlines the development of cybernetics from a technical engineering discipline to a design-philosophical perspective.
15. Radical Constructivist Structural Design Education for Large Cohorts of Chinese Learners

Author:Herr, CM


Abstract:> Context . Structural design education in architecture is typically conceived as a scientific subject taught in a lecture format and based on a transactional view of learning. This approach misses opportunities to contribute to and integrate with design-studio-based architectural education. > Problem . How can radical constructivism inform a design-based pedagogy of structural design in the context of large cohorts of Chinese learners? > Method . The paper outlines how radical constructivist and second order cybernetic perspectives are reflected in an alternative educational approach to structural design. This approach encourages students' individual learning while negotiating constraints deriving from large cohorts as well as the educational expectations of Chinese learners. > Results . Teaching outcomes as well as students' comments show successes in engaging students in adopting a more personal and active attitude in their learning. Students appreciate and praise learning grounded in experience as well as collaborative, peer-led learning. Challenges remain in establishing a more dialogical learning situation and in supporting individual students' learning in large student cohorts. > Implications . Limitations arise from the constraints imposed by large cohorts, limited manpower and an institutional preference for teaching towards written examinations. The research and teaching development presented are ongoing. This paper may inform educators in the fields of architecture and engineering as well as, more generally, educators who seek to develop their teaching based on a radical constructivist epistemology in the context of large cohorts. > Constructivist content . The teaching approach presented links a radical constructivist perspective based on Ernst von Glasersfeld's work with second-order cybernetics in the context of design-based education. The paper discusses challenges and opportunities for this approach in the context of large cohorts of Chinese learners.
16. Curricula, knowledge and design in the context of radical constructivist education

Author:Herr,Christiane M.

Source:Constructivist Foundations,2018,Vol.13

17. Museum metaphor

Author:Williams,Austin Rhys

Source:Architecture d'Aujourd Hui,2015,Vol.2015-January

18. From Goal-Oriented to Constraint-Oriented Design: The Cybernetic Intersection of Design Theory and Systems Theory

Author:Fischer, T;Richards, LD


Abstract:This article traces the changing notions of constraints in design and of systems since the mid-20th century in the intersection of design theory and systems theory. Taking a second-order cybernetic perspective, the article develops constraints as observer dependent and it analyzes conditions under which constraints tend to be beneficial or detrimental. Ethical implications of constraints in design processes are established with reference to system boundaries. Constraint-oriented design is discussed as an alternative to goal-oriented design, and a method called constraint reversal is introduced as a strategy of deliberate defiance of constraints to support design exploration.
19. Architectural Design Optimization-Results from a User Survey

Author:Wortmann, T


Abstract:Although there is a substantial body of academic literature on Architectural Design Optimization (ADO), not much is known about actual ADO practices. This paper presents results from a user study of ADO in Grasshopper and compares them with previous studies. Compared to these studies, this anonymous, web-based survey employed a more relevant sample in that all eighteen respondents actually use ADO and in that they represent a mix of students, academics, and professionals. The survey's results highlight the importance of supporting meaningful selections from and better understandings of optimization results and question the ADO literatures' emphasis on evolutionary, multi-objective optimization algorithms. They thus guide future research and development on ADO tools and ultimately contribute to the design of a more resource- and energy-efficient built environment.
20. Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism

Author:Williams, A


Total 218 results found
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