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201.TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access

Author:Kattge, J;Bonisch, G;Diaz, S;Lavorel, S;Prentice, IC;Leadley, P;Tautenhahn, S;Werner, GDA;Aakala, T;Abedi, M;Acosta, ATR;Adamidis, GC;Adamson, K;Aiba, M;Albert, CH;Alcantara, JM;Alcazar, CC;Aleixo, I;Ali, H;Amiaud, B;Ammer, C;Amoroso, MM;Anand, M;Anderson, C;Anten, N;Antos, J;Apgaua, DMG;Ashman, TL;Asmara, DH;Asner, GP;Aspinwall, M;Atkin, O;Aubin, I;Baastrup-Spohr, L;Bahalkeh, K;Bahn, M;Baker, T;Baker, WJ;Bakker, JP;Baldocchi, D;Baltzer, J;Banerjee, A;Baranger, A;Barlow, J;Barneche, DR;Baruch, Z;Bastianelli, D;Battles, J;Bauerle, W;Bauters, M;Bazzato, E;Beckmann, M;Beeckman, H;Beierkuhnlein, C;Bekker, R;Belfry, G;Belluau, M;Beloiu, M;Benavides, R;Benomar, L;Berdugo-Lattke, ML;Berenguer, E;Bergamin, R;Bergmann, J;Carlucci, MB;Berner, L;Bernhardt-Romermann, M;Bigler, C;Bjorkman, AD;Blackman, C;Blanco, C;Blonder, B;Blumenthal, D;Bocanegra-Gonzalez, KT;Boeckx, P;Bohlman, S;Bohning-Gaese, K;Boisvert-Marsh, L;Bond, W;Bond-Lamberty, B;Boom, A;Boonman, CCF;Bordin, K;Boughton, EH;Boukili, V;Bowman, DMJS;Bravo, S;Brendel, MR;Broadley, MR;Brown, KA;Bruelheide, H;Brumnich, F;Bruun, HH;Bruy, D;Buchanan, SW;Bucher, SF;Buchmann, N;Buitenwerf, R;Bunker, DE;Burger, J;Burrascano, S;Burslem, DFRP;Butterfield, BJ;Byun, C;Marques, M;Scalon, MC;Caccianiga, M;Cadotte, M;Cailleret, M;Camac, J;Camarero, JJ;Campany, C;Campetella, G;Campos, JA;Cano-Arboleda, L;Canullo, R;Carbognani, M;Carvalho, F;Casanoves, F;Castagneyrol, B;Catford, JA;Cavender-Bares, J;Cerabolini, BEL;Cervellini, M;Chacon-Madrigal, E;Chapin, K;Chapin, FS;Chelli, S;Chen, SC;Chen, AP;Cherubini, P;Chianucci, F;Choat, B;Chung, KS;Chytry, M;Ciccarelli, D;Coll, L;Collins, CG;Conti, L;Coomes, D;Cornelissen, JHC;Cornwell, WK;Corona, P;Coyea, M;Craine, J;Craven, D;Cromsigt, JPGM;Csecserits, A;Cufar, K;Cuntz, M;da Silva, AC;Dahlin, KM;Dainese, M;Dalke, I;Dalle Fratte, M;Anh, TDL;Danihelka, J;Dannoura, M;Dawson, S;de Beer, AJ;De Frutos, A;De Long, JR;Dechant, B;Delagrange, S;Delpierre, N;Derroire, G;Dias, AS;Diaz-Toribio, MH;Dimitrakopoulos, PG;Dobrowolski, M;Doktor, D;Drevojan, P;Dong, N;Dransfield, J;Dressler, S;Duarte, L;Ducouret, E;Dullinger, S;Durka, W;Duursma, R;Dymova, O;E-Vojtko, A;Eckstein, RL;Ejtehadi, H;Elser, J;Emilio, T;Engemann, K;Erfanian, MB;Erfmeier, A;Esquivel-Muelbert, A;Esser, G;Estiarte, M;Domingues, TF;Fagan, WF;Fagundez, J;Falster, DS;Fan, Y;Fang, JY;Farris, E;Fazlioglu, F;Feng, YH;Fernandez-Mendez, F;Ferrara, C;Ferreira, J;Fidelis, A;Finegan, B;Firn, J;Flowers, TJ;Flynn, DFB;Fontana, V;Forey, E;Forgiarini, C;Francois, L;Frangipani, M;Frank, D;Frenette-Dussault, C;Freschet, GT;Fry, EL;Fyllas, NM;Mazzochini, GG;Gachet, S;Gallagher, R;Ganade, G;Ganga, F;Garcia-Palacios, P;Gargaglione, V;Garnier, E;Garrido, JL;de Gasper, AL;Gea-Izquierdo, G;Gibson, D;Gillison, AN;Giroldo, A;Glasenhardt, MC;Gleason, S;Gliesch, M;Goldberg, E;Goldel, B;Gonzalez-Akre, E;Gonzalez-Andujar, JL;Gonzalez-Melo, A;Gonzalez-Robles, A;Graae, BJ;Granda, E;Graves, S;Green, WA;Gregor, T;Gross, N;Guerin, GR;Gunther, A;Gutierrez, AG;Haddock, L;Haines, A;Hall, J;Hambuckers, A;Han, WX;Harrison, SP;Hattingh, W;Hawes, JE;He, TH;He, PC;Heberling, JM;Helm, A;Hempel, S;Hentschel, J;Herault, B;Heres, AM;Herz, K;Heuertz, M;Hickler, T;Hietz, P;Higuchi, P;Hipp, AL;Hirons, A;Hock, M;Hogan, JA;Holl, K;Honnay, O;Hornstein, D;Hou, EQ;Hough-Snee, N;Hovstad, KA;Ichie, T;Igic, B;Illa, E;Isaac, M;Ishihara, M;Ivanov, L;Ivanova, L;Iversen, CM;Izquierdo, J;Jackson, RB;Jackson, B;Jactel, H;Jagodzinski, AM;Jandt, U;Jansen, S;Jenkins, T;Jentsch, A;Jespersen, JRP;Jiang, GF;Johansen, JL;Johnson, D;Jokela, EJ;Joly, CA;Jordan, GJ;Joseph, GS;Junaedi, D;Junker, RR;Justes, E;Kabzems, R;Kane, J;Kaplan, Z;Kattenborn, T;Kavelenova, L;Kearsley, E;Kempel, A;Kenzo, T;Kerkhoff, A;Khalil, MI;Kinlock, NL;Kissling, WD;Kitajima, K;Kitzberger, T;Kjoller, R;Klein, T;Kleyer, M;Klimesova, J;Klipel, J;Kloeppel, B;Klotz, S;Knops, JMH;Kohyama, T;Koike, F;Kollmann, J;Komac, B;Komatsu, K;Konig, C;Kraft, NJB;Kramer, K;Kreft, H;Kuhn, I;Kumarathunge, D;Kuppler, J;Kurokawa, H;Kurosawa, Y;Kuyah, S;Laclau, JP;Lafleur, B;Lallai, E;Lamb, E;Lamprecht, A;Larkin, DJ;Laughlin, D;Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y;le Maire, G;le Roux, PC;le Roux, E;Lee, T;Lens, F;Lewis, SL;Lhotsky, B;Li, YZ;Li, XE;Lichstein, JW;Liebergesell, M;Lim, JY;Lin, YS;Linares, JC;Liu, CJ;Liu, DJ;Liu, U;Livingstone, S;Llusia, J;Lohbeck, M;Lopez-Garcia, A;Lopez-Gonzalez, G;Lososova, Z;Louault, F;Lukacs, BA;Lukes, P;Luo, YJ;Lussu, M;Ma, SY;Pereira, CMR;Mack, M;Maire, V;Makela, A;Makinen, H;Malhado, ACM;Mallik, A;Manning, P;Manzoni, S;Marchetti, Z;Marchino, L;Marcilio-Silva, V;Marcon, E;Marignani, M;Markesteijn, L;Martin, A;Martinez-Garza, C;Martinez-Vilalta, J;Maskova, T;Mason, K;Mason, N;Massad, TJ;Masse, J;Mayrose, I;McCarthy, J;McCormack, ML;McCulloh, K;McFadden, IR;McGill, BJ;McPartland, MY;Medeiros, JS;Medlyn, B;Meerts, P;Mehrabi, Z;Meir, P;Melo, FPL;Mencuccini, M;Meredieu, C;Messier, J;Meszaros, I;Metsaranta, J;Michaletz, ST;Michelaki, C;Migalina, S;Milla, R;Miller, JED;Minden, V;Ming, R;Mokany, K;Moles, AT;Molnar, VA;Molofsky, J;Molz, M;Montgomery, RA;Monty, A;Moravcova, L;Moreno-Martinez, A;Moretti, M;Mori, AS;Mori, S;Morris, D;Morrison, J;Mucina, L;Mueller, S;Muir, CD;Muller, SC;Munoz, F;Myers-Smith, IH;Myster, RW;Nagano, M;Naidu, S;Narayanan, A;Natesan, B;Negoita, L;Nelson, AS;Neuschulz, EL;Ni, J;Niedrist, G;Nieto, J;Niinemets, U;Nolan, R;Nottebrock, H;Nouvellon, Y;Novakovskiy, A;Nystuen, KO;O'Grady, A;O'Hara, K;O'Reilly-Nugent, A;Oakley, S;Oberhuber, W;Ohtsuka, T;Oliveira, R;Ollerer, K;Olson, ME;Onipchenko, V;Onoda, Y;Onstein, RE;Ordonez, JC;Osada, N;Ostonen, I;Ottaviani, G;Otto, S;Overbeck, GE;Ozinga, WA;Pahl, AT;Paine, CET;Pakeman, RJ;Papageorgiou, AC;Parfionova, E;Partel, M;Patacca, M;Paula, S;Paule, J;Pauli, H;Pausas, JG;Peco, B;Penuelas, J;Perea, A;Peri, PL;Petisco-Souza, AC;Petraglia, A;Petritan, AM;Phillips, OL;Pierce, S;Pillar, VD;Pisek, J;Pomogaybin, A;Poorter, H;Portsmuth, A;Poschlod, P;Potvin, C;Pounds, D;Powell, AS;Power, SA;Prinzing, A;Puglielli, G;Pysek, P;Raevel, V;Rammig, A;Ransijn, J;Ray, CA;Reich, PB;Reichstein, M;Reid, DEB;Rejou-Mechain, M;de Dios, VR;Ribeiro, S;Richardson, S;Riibak, K;Rillig, MC;Riviera, F;Robert, EMR;Roberts, S;Robroek, B;Roddy, A;Rodrigues, AV;Rogers, A;Rollinson, E;Rolo, V;Romermann, C;Ronzhina, D;Roscher, C;Rosell, JA;Rosenfield, MF;Rossi, C;Roy, DB;Royer-Tardif, S;Ruger, N;Ruiz-Peinado, R;Rumpf, SB;Rusch, GM;Ryo, M;Sack, L;Saldana, A;Salgado-Negret, B;Salguero-Gomez, R;Santa-Regina, I;Santacruz-Garcia, AC;Santos, J;Sardans, J;Schamp, B;Scherer-Lorenzen, M;Schleuning, M;Schmid, B;Schmidt, M;Schmitt, S;Schneider, JV;Schowanek, SD;Schrader, J;Schrodt, F;Schuldt, B;Schurr, F;Garvizu, GS;Semchenko, M;Seymour, C;Sfair, JC;Sharpe, JM;Sheppard, CS;Sheremetiev, S;Shiodera, S;Shipley, B;Shovon, TA;Siebenkas, A;Sierra, C;Silva, V;Silva, M;Sitzia, T;Sjoman, H;Slot, M;Smith, NG;Sodhi, D;Soltis, P;Soltis, D;Somers, B;Sonnier, G;Sorensen, MV;Sosinski, EE;Soudzilovskaia, NA;Souza, AF;Spasojevic, M;Sperandii, MG;Stan, AB;Stegen, J;Steinbauer, K;Stephan, JG;Sterck, F;Stojanovic, DB;Strydom, T;Suarez, ML;Svenning, JC;Svitkova, I;Svitok, M;Svoboda, M;Swaine, E;Swenson, N;Tabarelli, M;Takagi, K;Tappeiner, U;Tarifa, R;Tauugourdeau, S;Tavsanoglu, C;te Beest, M;Tedersoo, L;Thiffault, N;Thom, D;Thomas, E;Thompson, K;Thornton, PE;Thuiller, W;Tichy, L;Tissue, D;Tjoelker, MG;Tng, DYP;Tobias, J;Torok, P;Tarin, T;Torres-Ruiz, JM;Tothmeresz, B;Treurnicht, M;Trivellone, V;Trolliet, F;Trotsiuk, V;Tsakalos, JL;Tsiripidis, I;Tysklind, N;Umehara, T;Usoltsev, V;Vadeboncoeur, M;Vaezi, J;Valladares, F;Vamosi, J;van Bodegom, PM;van Breugel, M;Van Cleemput, E;van de Weg, M;van der Merwe, S;van der Plas, F;van der Sande, MT;van Kleunen, M;Van Meerbeek, K;Vanderwel, M;Vanselow, KA;Varhammar, A;Varone, L;Valderrama, MY;Vassilev, K;Vellend, M;Veneklaas, EJ;Verbeeck, H;Verheyen, K;Vibrans, A;Vieira, I;Villacis, J;Violle, C;Vivek, P;Wagner, K;Waldram, M;Waldron, A;Walker, AP;Waller, M;Walther, G;Wang, H;Wang, F;Wang, WQ;Watkins, H;Watkins, J;Weber, U;Weedon, JT;Wei, LP;Weigelt, P;Weiher, E;Wells, AW;Wellstein, C;Wenk, E;Westoby, M;Westwood, A;White, PJ;Whitten, M;Williams, M;Winkler, DE;Winter, K;Womack, C;Wright, IJ;Wright, SJ;Wright, J;Pinho, BX;Ximenes, F;Yamada, T;Yamaji, K;Yanai, R;Yankov, N;Yguel, B;Zanini, KJ;Zanne, AE;Zeleny, D;Zhao, YP;Zheng, JM;Zheng, J;Zieminska, K;Zirbel, CR;Zizka, G;Zo-Bi, IC;Zotz, G;Wirth, C

Source:GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2020,Vol.26

Abstract:Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, biogeography and earth system modelling. Since its foundation in 2007, the TRY database of plant traits has grown continuously. It now provides unprecedented data coverage under an open access data policy and is the main plant trait database used by the research community worldwide. Increasingly, the TRY database also supports new frontiers of trait-based plant research, including the identification of data gaps and the subsequent mobilization or measurement of new data. To support this development, in this article we evaluate the extent of the trait data compiled in TRY and analyse emerging patterns of data coverage and representativeness. Best species coverage is achieved for categorical traits-almost complete coverage for 'plant growth form'. However, most traits relevant for ecology and vegetation modelling are characterized by continuous intraspecific variation and trait-environmental relationships. These traits have to be measured on individual plants in their respective environment. Despite unprecedented data coverage, we observe a humbling lack of completeness and representativeness of these continuous traits in many aspects. We, therefore, conclude that reducing data gaps and biases in the TRY database remains a key challenge and requires a coordinated approach to data mobilization and trait measurements. This can only be achieved in collaboration with other initiatives.

202.Soil Selenium Concentration and Residents Daily Dietary Intake in a Selenosis Area: A Preliminary Study in Yutangba Village, Enshi City, China

Author:Long, ZD;Xiang, JQ;Song, JP;Lu, YP;Yin, HQ;Zhu, YF;Liu, XD;Qin, LQ;Banuelos, GS;Wang, ZM;Kang, Y;Yuan, LX;Yin, XB

Source:BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY,2020,Vol.105

Abstract:In 1963, selenosis occurred in Yutangba Village, Enshi City, China. Subsequently, local residents migrated to a new area of Yutangba to avoid high selenium (Se) exposure. In this study, 19 soil samples, 43 food samples, 60 hair samples and 58 plasma samples from local residents were randomly collected in New Yutangba Village. The mean total Se concentrations in cultivated soil samples were 1753.6 +/- 742.8 mu g/kg (n = 14). The estimated daily Se intake in New Yutangba Village decreased to 63.2 +/- 39.8 mu g/day, slightly higher than the recommended dietary Se intake for adults in China (60 mu g/day). The mean Se concentrations in hair and plasma samples were 549.7 +/- 165.2 mu g/kg (n = 60) and 98.4 +/- 32.1 mu g/L (n = 58), respectively. The result indicated that appropriate activities, such as relocation, consuming a mixture of local foods and market foods containing low Se concentration, could effectively reduce the risk of high Se exposure.

203.Wildlife trade: ban orientalism

Author:Pagani-Nunez, E

Source:NATURE,2020,Vol.579

204.Novel SnO2@ZnO hierarchical nanostructures for highly sensitive and selective NO2 gas sensing

Author:Zhang, ZY;Xu, MZ;Liu, L;Ruan, XF;Yan, JF;Zhao, W;Yun, JN;Wang, YN;Qin, SJ;Zhang, T

Source:SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL,2018,Vol.257

Abstract:The novel brush-like (B-) SnO2@ZnO hierarchical nanostructures (HNSs) are successfully synthesized by using a simple two-step hydrothermal method. The SnO2 nanowires (NWs) grow epitaxially on the non-polarized plane of ZnO nanorods (NRs) with a six-fold symmetry. The heterogeneous nucleation-growth processes of SnO2 and ZnO are discussed in detail based on the dissolution-recrystallization mechanism, growth kinetics and Ostwald ripening. The excellent sensing performances of B-SnO2@ZnO HNSs for NO2 gas sensor are developed, including good selectivity, ultra-sensitive, fast response, broad detection range and low detection limits. The detection range of the sensor is measured from 5 ppb to 10 ppm, and the detection limit of the sensor is 5 ppb at 150 degrees C. The response and recovery time which reach 90%% of the final signal is less than 60 s, while retaining the low detection limit. The sensing mechanism is also discussed, and the unique structure of B-(SnO2ZnO)-Zn-@ is the dominating parameter for excellent sensing performances. The improved sensing performance of the HNSs also suggests the possibilities of other 1D materials combination for further sensing applications. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

205.No Place Like Home? Disentangling Preferences for HIV Testing Locations and Services Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China

Author:Pan, SW;Durvasula, M;Ong, JJ;Liu, CC;Tang, WM;Fu, HY;Wei, CY;Wang, C;Terris-Prestholt, F;Tucker, JD

Source:AIDS AND BEHAVIOR,2019,Vol.23

Abstract:In China, some health departments and gay community-based organizations have begun to offer home-based HIV testing kits in order to augment test uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, HIV test preferences and motivations for home-testing among MSM in China are not well understood. The HIV testing preferences of 803 MSM throughout China were evaluated using single-item assessment and a discrete choice experiment (DCE). In both the single-item assessment and DCE, participants expressed strong preference for free and anonymous testing by health professionals. Both approaches also indicated that naive testers most prefer home testing. However, among previous testers, the single-item assessment indicated that "home" was the most preferred testing location (vs. hospital or clinic), while the DCE indicated that "home" was the least preferred testing location after controlling for anonymity. HIV home-testing may have limited appeal to previously tested Chinese MSM if anonymity is not maintained.

206.Speckle-Type POZ Protein Down-Regulates Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 Expression via Sp1/PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway in Colorectal Cancer

Author:Zhang, SH;Xiao, JH;Chai, Y;Hong, ZD;Liu, ZQ;Yuan, RF;Luo, ZP;Zhou, X;Lucero-Prisno, DE;Huang, K

Source:DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES,2018,Vol.63

Abstract:Elevated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is correlated with invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, a previous study has suggested that speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) could inhibit cancer cell proliferation and migration through down-regulation of MMP2 and MMP7, with a mechanism remaining unknown. In this study, we, by using both CRC cells and normal colorectal cells, aimed to investigate the causal relationship between SPOP and MMP2, as well as the potential signaling pathways. The causal relationship between SPOP and MMP2 was determined by both RT-PCR and Western blot in cells with SPOP expression or siRNA interference. The signaling pathway involved in MMP2 down-regulation by SPOP was subsequently identified by determination on the expression and phosphorylation of key signaling pathway proteins. Transcription factor involving in this MMP2 regulation was identified by determination on expression, phosphorylation, and nuclear translocation of key transcription factors. SPOP overexpression could significantly decrease MMP2 expression, while the knockdown of SPOP, in contrast, resulted in enhanced MMP2 level. Measurement of expression and phosphorylation of key signaling pathway proteins revealed that SPOP could inhibit PI3K and p-Akt level. Further tests on transcription factors showed that SPOP could inhibit SP1 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. SPOP could down-regulate MMP2 expression in CRC, and this regulation is mediated by inhibiting SP1 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Our findings in this study provide understanding of MMP2 regulation in CRC and may also shed lights on the development of anti-CRC treatments.
Total 206 results found
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