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21.Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering

Author:Andersson,Åke E.;Andersson,David Emanuel;Harsman,Björn;Daghbashyan,Zara

Source:The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century,2015,Vol.

22.A Theory of (and for) Enquiry


Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:At the heart of much academic design research lies a paradox: An appreciation of designing requires, systemically speaking, an inside perspective, while scientific research requires robustness under scrutiny by outside criteria. This chapter develops a theory of (and for) enquiry from previously unrelated cybernetic models, showing how “comfortable marriages” of design and research may be achieved by concatenating and nesting multiple kinds of enquiry within the same body of work. The purpose of this theory is to describe such concatenations and nestings and to inform postgraduate and PhD-level design research and supervision, especially where they face scrutiny by scientific standards.

23.Polymer nanocomposites for lithium battery applications

Author:Ferrari, S. ; Nair, J.R. ; Zhou, Y. ; Wan, C.

Source:Polymer-based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering,2018,Vol.

24.Embracing the middle class: Wealth, power, and social status

Author:Goodman,David S.G.

Source:The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Studies,2021,Vol.

25.Forecasting the carbon price in China pilot emission trading scheme: A structural time series approach

Author:Mengdi,Zhao;Yong,Soo Keong

Source:The State of China's State Capitalism: Evidence of Its Successes and Pitfalls,2018,Vol.

Abstract:To curb carbon emission, the Chinese pilot carbon emission trading markets were implemented in 2013 to act as a testbed for the official establishment of national carbon market in 2017. As the potential largest carbon trading market in the world, finding the key factors that drive the carbon permit prices and forecasting its future prices are important for both investors and government. This study explores the prospect of forecasting the carbon permit price in three pilot markets (Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen) using the structural time series modeling (STSM) approach. The result shows that this modeling approach potentially outperforms conventional time series model in forecasting capability. Statistically, the prices of energy sources are found to be uncorrelated with the permit prices in the Chinese pilot market, in contrary to the results from other studies on the European Union carbon market.

26.ASEAN as a method: Re-centering processes and institutions in contemporary Southeast Asian regionalism


Source:ASEAN as a Method: Re-centering Processes and Institutions in Contemporary Southeast Asian Regionalism,2020,Vol.

Abstract:This edited volume proposes that an understanding of ASEAN - its development and institutionalization - is invaluable to our conception of international relations theory in the Asian context. Southeast Asia and ASEAN host peoples, ideas, institutions, and relations that contribute to a critical reassessment of theories in social sciences. In the field of IR, studies on transnational networks, diasporas, small states, middle powers, the role of history, and identity learn from Southeast Asian practices. ASEAN has long been established as an authoritative example of alternative ways of regional institutionalization. Besides empirical analysis, these fields can also benefit from their interactions with regional scholarly communities. This edited book offers an opportunity for a dialogue among scholarly communities on a variety of issues of which Southeast Asia and ASEAN provide ample opportunities for a critical analysis. This book will be of great interest to scholars of ASEAN, the broader Asian region, and for scholars of regionalism in general.

27.Securitizing New Energy Amidst the Global Pandemic: The Chinese State and the Politics of Climate Change

Author:Geoffrey C. Chen


Abstract:This chapter argues that the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated the process fulfilling the promise of the neoliberal idea to mitigate the effects of climate change. The neoconservative advocates that created the fictional myths of a minimalist government seem to have demonstrated their insufficient capacity to alleviate the spread of public crises. Nevertheless, the uncertainty of the energy transition caused by turbulent oil prices have compelled the national policy elites to adjust the development strategy of alternative energy with the aim of adapting to climate change. This chapter will focus on the development of China’s new energy and analyse its possible implications of human security amidst the global epidemic, investigating the diversified governance patterns in this emerging field through the central and local states’ altered industrial policies. In this chapter, the main body of the analysis includes the institutional continuity and changes and governance structures of three strategic emerging sectors, being non-hydro renew energy, nuclear energy, and electric vehicles. The study unfolds Chinese governments’ and enterprises’ actions and relations in the trajectory of sectoral development. The study illustrates a transitional bureaucratic restructuring trend towards the central government. However, this trend has formed a potentially new institution that is aimed for regulating the energy markets while striving for maintain a sustained connection between national security and human security in the Chinese context.

28.The role of foreign firms in China’s urban transformation A case study of Suzhou

Author:Kim, Hyung Min

Source:Population Mobility, Urban Planning and Management in China,2015,Vol.

Abstract:To a large extent the Chinese government has relied upon foreign direct investment (FDI) to stimulate economic growth. Inward FDI, which has expanded massively in China after the opening up policy, is significant to Chinese cities at least in the following three aspects. First, inward FDI contributes to economic vitality as it involves production in cities. Second, the establishment of foreign firms has facilitated rural-to-urban migration, and thus stimulated urban growth. As inward FDI is mostly labour-intensive manufacturing, an influx of foreign capital has been accompanied by an increase in the number of rural migrants. Third, foreign firms have brought foreign nationals to Chinese cities, thus creating demand for multicultural services and adding to the vibrancy of the city. This chapter examines these three outcomes at China’s national level using Suzhou as a case study. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

29.Sustainable entrepreneurship, opportunity creation: A corporate political activity view


Source:Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation,2016,Vol.

30.Research handbook on the globalization of Chinese firms

Author:Julian,Craig C.;Ahmed,Zafar U.;Xu,Junqian

Source:Research Handbook on the Globalization of Chinese Firms,2014,Vol.

Abstract:© Craig C. Julian, Zafar U. Ahmed and Junqian Xu 2014. This comprehensive research Handbook encompasses an expansive range of perspectives on the globalization process of Chinese firms. Eminent global scholars provide contributions on a variety of topics, including: • industrial innovation; • technological innovation and learning; • the performance of Chinese international joint ventures,; • the global consumer; • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) including barriers to FDI and FDI in China’s hinterland areas; • the globalization of Chinese business practices in Africa; • the Human Resource Management Transfer Process; • Corporate Information Disclosure in China’s Stock Market; and • the home employment effect.

31.The empirical link between innovation, learning and performance in Chinese international joint ventures

Author:Julian,Craig C.;Xu,Junqian

Source:Research Handbook on the Globalization of Chinese Firms,2014,Vol.

Abstract:Although the literature on international joint ventures (IJVs) is already sizeable and steadily growing, there is a paucity of studies on at least one critical issue relating to the growth of IJVs in Asian economies, namely, the salient factors influencing IJV marketing performance. In the international business literature there are many studies that identify important determinants of IJV performance in general (Johnson et al., 2001; Lee and Beamish, 1995; Makino and Beamish, 1998). However, the literature does not adequately cover the issues relating to IJV marketing performance. In the international business literature, studies on marketing performance are largely confined to those firms involved in direct or indirect exporting (Cavusgil and Zou, 1994; Julian, 2003) with very little empirical evidence on IJV marketing performance. Given that successful marketing performance is critical to overall successful business performance (Crocombe, 1991), and the deficiency in the level of empirical evidence on IJV marketing performance, we decided to focus on marketing performance in order to enhance the already significant body of IJV literature. IJV marketing performance is defined as the degree to which the IJV’s marketing objectives, both economic and strategic, with respect to a product/service are achieved in a foreign market (that foreign market being China) through the planning and implementation of a specific marketing plan.

32.Structuring and managing supply network: A review of current literature and conceptual framework


Source:Operations and Service Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications,2017,Vol.

Abstract:© 2018 by IGI Global. All rights reserved. The concept of supply network has extended supply chain across national borders towards globalization. The aim of this chapter is to provide researchers, business practitioners and university students a picture of the architecture of supply networks. By analyzing two main trends of studies in the field of supply network management, components of supply network are classified into structural and infrastructural factors. Also a comparison is made to identify the difference between supply network and traditionally factory-based manufacturing system. Based on the literature review, a conceptual framework is further proposed which describes the supply network from four essential perspectives: Role/function, Relationship/alliance, Configuration/reconfiguration, and Risk and crisis management. After presenting detailed models and decision making areas of each perspective, suggestions are given on some emerging topics.

33.Distributed monitoring architecture for industrial safety based on gear fault diagnosis


Source:EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Real-time monitoring of machines is vital for enhanced performance and safety in industries. Gears are common components that interconnect mechanical parts that allow each part in a mechanical system to be engaged. They are mainly used to transmit kinetic energy and transform rotational speed. Due to the importance of gears, the degradation or failure of its performance affects the function of the machine resulting in the unplanned breakdown of equipment, This inevitably leads to economic losses and personnel safety issues. Therefore, it is of great significance to recognize industrial safety with respect to equipment management. In this paper, we presented a distributed architecture for monitoring the gears and reporting its faults. The monitoring of gears and gearboxes can alleviate safety issues and improve maintenance plans.

34.Organisational flexibility through human capital development


Source:Knowledge Management Innovations for Interdisciplinary Education: Organizational Applications,2012,Vol.

Abstract:The current knowledge economy has brought several challenges to contemporary organisations. There is need for flexibility on the part of key players, namely individual employees as well as organisations as a whole; this flexibility arises from the innovation in both products and services. The complexity of knowledge requires an education that enhances softer skills. The intellectual capacity, creativity, and adaptability of individuals gives rise to greater flexibility. This strengthens the fact that there is a change of paradigm in the way human capital is viewed. Through the human-oriented perspective, knowledge is seen as collective sense making and social practice. The objective of this chapter lies in this context of complexity, change, and adaptation within an economic and social reality based on knowledge. Therefore, the chapter aims to reflect upon Knowledge Management in companies such as universities where tacit knowledge is stored as intellectual capital in the minds of both lecturers and students and to highlight the need to instill the new paradigm which fosters knowledge creation and sharing in universities. © 2013, IGI Global.

35.A new fashion capital: Shanghai

Author:de la Garza,Armida;Ding,Peng

Source:Fashion Cultures Revisited: Theories, Explorations and Analysis,2013,Vol.

36.The Ordinary Women: Qualitative Research on Workers' New Villages in Shanghai

Author:Penn Tsz Ting Ip, Yu Zhang, Xi Liu



37.Changing structure of the Chinese economy

Author:Regis,Paulo José

Source:China in the Local and Global Economy: History, Geography, Politics and Sustainability,2018,Vol.

38.Enhancing the performance of local binary patterns for face recognition by spectral regression

Author:Zhang, Bailing ; Zhang, Yanchun

Source:Advanced Topics in Biometrics,2011,Vol.

39.Small intestine anatomy and physiology

Author:Ma,Zheng Feei;Lee,Yeong Yeh

Source:Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility,2019,Vol.

Abstract:With a large surface area, the small bowel acts as a major site for breakdown and absorption of electrolytes, nutrients and water. The act of mixing and transit of digested and non-digested contents is assisted by a complicated but efficient contraction waves and highly regulated gut hormones. In addition, intestinal motility assists the barrier and immune function of small bowel which is vital for homeostasis with the gut microbiota. This chapter deals with functional significance of small intestine anatomy and physiology in relation with motility, a region of the gut that has been largely ignored, until recently.

40.Structural diversity, surface composition, and redox behavior in the LA0.6SR0.4CoO3-PrO2-delta system

Author:Konysheva, Elena Yu. ; Bukaemskiy, Andrey A. ; Kuznetsov, Michail V. ; Ma, Tianzheng ; Ermolenko, Yurii E.

Source:Advances in Chemistry Research,2015,Vol.25

Abstract:Phase composition, crystal structure of components, surface composition, and redox behavior were explored in the (100-x) La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-xPrO2-δ (LSCPx) system under air. At high temperatures, a fraction of La0.6Sr0.4CoO3 perovskite phase interacts with praseodymium oxide, forming a new layered perovskite-like phase relating to the Ruddlesden-Popper family of An+1BnO3n+1 compounds with n=1. The Ruddlesden-Popper phase with K2NiF4-type structure (I4/mmm, no.139) exists in a wide compositional range. At room temperature the LSCPx (2 ≤ x ≤ 40) are two-phase compositions, comprising of the perovskite phase with rhombohedral distortion ( R3c, no. 167) and Ruddlesden-Popper phase. Evolution of lattice parameters for both perovskite and Ruddlesden-Popper phases with the raise in the Pr content was discussed. La0.93Sr0.62Pr0.45CoO4 compound with Ruddlesden-Popper structure was synthesized. Both single phase La0.93Sr0.62Pr0.45CoO4 and newly formed Ruddlesden-Popper phase in the two-phase LSCPx (2 ≤ x ≤ 40) exhibit similar behavior with the temperature variation (25-820oC) the expansion of the unit cell along the c-axis is noticeably stronger than within the a-b plain. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study indicates stronger accommodation of Sr cations within the Ruddlesden-Popper structure. Surface depletion in Co decreases in the two-phase LSCPx compositions with the raise in the fraction of the phase with the Ruddlesden-Popper structure, assuming that the presence of a second phase can facilitate the re-arrangement of cations between the volume and surface. The total oxygen exchange between the gas phase and the two-phase LSCPx (2 ≤ x ≤ 20) compositions decreases gradually with the increase in Pr content in the composites and it becomes almost negligible in the LSCPx (20 ≤ x ≤ 40). This result is unexpected and could be associated with the simultaneous involvement of Pr and Co cations in the redox process. © 2015 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
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