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1.A Theory of (and for) Enquiry

Author:Fischer,Thomas

Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:At the heart of much academic design research lies a paradox: An appreciation of designing requires, systemically speaking, an inside perspective, while scientific research requires robustness under scrutiny by outside criteria. This chapter develops a theory of (and for) enquiry from previously unrelated cybernetic models, showing how “comfortable marriages” of design and research may be achieved by concatenating and nesting multiple kinds of enquiry within the same body of work. The purpose of this theory is to describe such concatenations and nestings and to inform postgraduate and PhD-level design research and supervision, especially where they face scrutiny by scientific standards.

2.Distributed monitoring architecture for industrial safety based on gear fault diagnosis

Author:Li,Weiming;Chen,Yuanfang;Alam,Muhammad

Source:EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Real-time monitoring of machines is vital for enhanced performance and safety in industries. Gears are common components that interconnect mechanical parts that allow each part in a mechanical system to be engaged. They are mainly used to transmit kinetic energy and transform rotational speed. Due to the importance of gears, the degradation or failure of its performance affects the function of the machine resulting in the unplanned breakdown of equipment, This inevitably leads to economic losses and personnel safety issues. Therefore, it is of great significance to recognize industrial safety with respect to equipment management. In this paper, we presented a distributed architecture for monitoring the gears and reporting its faults. The monitoring of gears and gearboxes can alleviate safety issues and improve maintenance plans.

3.Small intestine anatomy and physiology

Author:Ma,Zheng Feei;Lee,Yeong Yeh

Source:Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility,2019,Vol.

Abstract:With a large surface area, the small bowel acts as a major site for breakdown and absorption of electrolytes, nutrients and water. The act of mixing and transit of digested and non-digested contents is assisted by a complicated but efficient contraction waves and highly regulated gut hormones. In addition, intestinal motility assists the barrier and immune function of small bowel which is vital for homeostasis with the gut microbiota. This chapter deals with functional significance of small intestine anatomy and physiology in relation with motility, a region of the gut that has been largely ignored, until recently.

4.An evolutionary game-based mechanism for unwanted traffic control

Author:Liu,Jia;Li,Mingchu;Feng,Zitong;Guo,Cheng;Yuan,Lifeng;Alam,Muhammad

Source:EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing,2019,Vol.

Abstract:With the development of Internet technology and the pervasive use of internet service providers (ISPs), internet users have reached an unprecedented volume. However, the existence of some malicious users seriously undermine the environment of the network by distributing a large amount of unwanted traffic, such as spam, pop-up, and malwares, which can be identified with the cooperation of individual users by installing anti-virus toolkits. In our paper, we propose an evolutionary game theoretic incentive mechanism to promote the cooperation of individual users to curb the expansion of unwanted traffic. Considering the hierarchical nature of real-world management, we model our framework as hierarchical incentive mechanism and combine reward with punishment mechanism to further incentivize cooperative behavior. Meanwhile, the acceptance condition of our framework is analyzed and we carry out a number of simulations to analyze the acceptance conditions of our framework.

5.It happens among people: Resonances and extensions of the work of Fredrik Barth

Author:Wu,Keping;Weller,Robert P.

Source:It Happens among People: Resonances and Extensions of the Work of Fredrik Barth,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Written by eleven leading anthropologists from around the world, this volume extends the insights of Fredrik Barth, one of the most important anthropologists of the twentieth century, to push even further at the frontiers of anthropology and honor his memory. As a collection, the chapters thus expand Barth’s pioneering work on values, further develop his insights on human agency and its potential creativity, as well as continuing to develop the relevance for his work as a way of thinking about and beyond the state. The work is grounded on his insistence that theory should grow only from observed life.

6.Poverty eradication and political engagement: A case of sustainable entrepreneurship in China

Author:Xuanwei Cao, Xiao Wang

Source:,2019,Vol.

Abstract:It has been widely believed that to create a sustainable world the power of business is indispensable. Facing grand challenges when following the old path of “business as usual”, entrepreneurs are transforming their business practices for sustainable development in various ways. In this process of transformation, entrepreneurs also seek new paths to achieve sustained legitimacy and growth through simultaneously pursuing economic viability, social equity, and environmental stability. In spite of the rapid development of sustainable businesses in emerging economies, such as solar energy in China, there is still little understanding of what motivates entrepreneurs to pursue sustainable business in situations in which the relationship of private firms with the government is complex and paradoxical. This chapter addresses these issues and provides insights through an in-depth investigation into the case of the T Group, a company with unique dual businesses in aquatic feed and solar energy in China, which helps achieve several Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs), such as poverty alleviation (SDG #1), affordable and clean energy (SDG #7), and sustainable cities and communities (SDG #11). Hanyuan Liu, the founder and Chairman of the T Group, through his political engagement, demonstrated how entrepreneurs could positively transform their businesses towards sustainability while responding to and dealing with specific social problems.

7.Constructing Cybernetic Thinking, Design, and Education

Author:Herr,Christiane M.

Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Radical constructivism can be described as the epistemological twin of second-order cybernetics. This chapter presents a close look at radical constructivism, at its implications for design, and at the interrelatedness of epistemology and design in their theoretical as well as in their applied manifestations. The chapter discusses connections between three aspects of design cybernetics: design as a domain of action, cybernetics as its theoretical complement and radical constructivism as an epistemological basis for both. It further outlines implications of radical constructivist thinking for design research and design education.

8.Simulation reproducibility with python and pweave

Author:Kim,Kyeong Soo

Source:EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing,2019,Vol.

Abstract:As the amount and complexity of model source code, configuration files, and resulting data for simulative experiments are ever increasing, it becomes a real challenge to reliably and efficiently reproduce simulation data and their analysis results published in a scientific paper not only by its readers but also by the authors themselves, which makes the claims and contributions made in the paper questionable. The idea of reproducible research comes as a solution to this problem and suggests that any scientific claims should be published together with relevant experimental data and software code for their analysis so that readers may verify the findings and build upon them; in case of computer simulation, the details of simulation implementation and its configurations should be provided as well. In this chapter, we illustrate the practice of reproducible research for OMNeT++ simulation based on Pweave and Python. We show how to embed simulation configuration files and Python analysis code, import simulation data with automatic updating of simulation results, and analyze data and present the results in a file.

9.Torus orbifolds with two fixed points

Author:Darby,Alastair;Kuroki,Shintaro;Song,Jongbaek

Source:Trends in Mathematics,2019,Vol.

Abstract:The main objects of this paper are torus orbifolds that have exactly two fixed points. We study the equivariant topological type of these orbifolds and consider when we can use the results of (Darby et al., Equivariant cohomology of torus orbifolds, arXiv:1809.03678 [8]) to compute its integral equivariant cohomology, in terms of generators and relations, coming from the corresponding orbifold torus graph.

10.China's way to the US market: China's outward direct investment in the United States

Author:Liang,Bo;Yan,Li;Quinlivan,Gary;Cline,Thomas W.

Source:Handbook on China and Globalization,2019,Vol.

11.Psychological Contracts: Past, Present, and Future

Author:Coyle-Shapiro, JAM;Costa, SP;Doden, W;Chang, CC

Source:ANNUAL REVIEW OF ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR, VOL 6,2019,Vol.6

Abstract:We provide a review of psychological contract research, beginning with past conceptualizations and empirical evidence. We tailor this retrospective look by reviewing the antecedents and outcomes associated with psychological contract breach and discussing the dominant theoretical explanations for the breach-outcome relationship. This synthesis of past evidence provides the foundation for reviewing the present emerging and developing themes in psychological contract research. This discussion is organized around the expansion of resources exchanged and the antecedents of contract breach and outcomes, moving beyond reciprocity as an underpinning explanation. We highlight the practical implications of research to date on psychological contracts and end with directions for future research to include the need for greater attention given to ideological currency, employee health, polycontextual approaches, the role of psychological needs, and post-breach/violation.

12.An Introduction to Design Cybernetics

Author:Fischer,Thomas;Herr,Christiane M.

Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Since it ascended in the mid-twentieth century on the basis of technical and scientific advances made during World War II, cybernetics has influenced design theory and research. It was appreciated by its originators primarily as a theoretical framework and as a common language to bridge disciplinary boundaries, but soon found more prominent applications in goal-oriented control engineering. Since around 1970, it developed a reflective, more philosophical, and less control-focused perspective referred to as second-order cybernetics. This perspective recognises circular causality, non-determinism, the subjective observer and other concepts avoided by natural science. In this way, it offers an approach to self-organising systems that negotiate their own goals in open-ended processes – in other words: design. As an introduction to design cybernetics, this chapter outlines the development of cybernetics from a technical engineering discipline to a design-philosophical perspective.

13.A Poetics of Designing

Author:Westermann, Claudia

Source:Design Research Foundations,2019,Vol.

Abstract:The chapter considers second-order cybernetics as a framework that is accurately described as a poetics. An overview is provided on what it means to be in a world that is uncertain, e.g., how under conditions of limited understanding any activity is an activity that designs and constructs, and how designing objects, spaces, and situations relates to the (designed) meta-world of second-order cybernetics. If it cannot be determined whether the world is complex or not, to assume that the world is complex is a matter of choice linked to an attitude of generosity. The chapter highlights that it is this attitude, which makes designing an ethical challenge. Designers require a framework that is open, but one that supplies ethical guidance when ‘constructing’ something new. Relating second-order design thinking to insights in philosophy and aesthetics, the chapter argues that second-order cybernetics provides a response to this ethical challenge and essentially it entails a poetics of designing.

14.AC/E Accion Cultural Espanola; Q Fundacion Arquia

Author:Sofia Quiroga

Source:,2019,Vol.

15.Building infrastructure and making boundaries in Southwest China

Author:Wu,Keping

Source:It Happens among People: Resonances and Extensions of the Work of Fredrik Barth,2019,Vol.

Total 15 results found
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