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1.Current state of information exchange between the two most popular BIM software: Revit and Tekla

Author:Nizam, RS;Zhang, C

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Information exchange between domain-specific software products is essential for capturing the life cycle information of a building from its inception to operation. To collect all specialized information within a single model requires a platform that is acceptable to all different software tools. Many researchers have suggested that this objective can be approached by using vendor-neutral and open building information models such as the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) to capture and exchange data. To analyze the effectiveness of the IFC model, this paper presents a data exchange analysis between two of the most popular BIM software to date: Revit and Tekla. Models are exchanged in the two software using IFC and a comparison is made in terms of data loss and misrepresentation. Revit seems to process IFC data easily however minor changes are noticed during the exchange. Tekla needs conversion procedures before IFC data can be processed. The architectural features of the model are found to be seriously misrepresented in Tekla.

2.The Future of Vernacular Architecture in China: Redefining Vernacular Architecture through Contemporary Design and Emerging Technology

Author:Yang, N;Chen, B;Kronenburg, R;Xi, JJ

Source:SMART AND HEALTHY WITHIN THE TWO-DEGREE LIMIT (PLEA 2018), VOL 3,2018,Vol.3

Abstract:This research aims to provide an insight into the existing research and practices on vernacular architecture, serving as a basis for further research on vernacular architecture in China and the relevant design research both locally and internationally. It also attempts to identify approaches that can improve the overall sustainability of vernacular architecture from a retrospective perspective, using emerging technologies in contemporary architecture. It looks at the concept of vernacular architecture in contemporary contexts and provide methods for further sustainable practices.

3.Multi-Objective Optimization for Daylight Retrofit

Author:De Luca, F;Wortmann, T

Source:ECAADE 2020: ANTHROPOLOGIC - ARCHITECTURE AND FABRICATION IN THE COGNITIVE AGE, VOL 1,2020,Vol.

Abstract:In sustainable building design, daylight improves occupants' wellbeing and reduces electric lighting use, but glazed areas can increase energy consumption for heating and cooling. Conflicting objectives such as daylight and energy consumption are the primary motivation behind multi-objective optimization. This paper presents the multi-objective optimization problem of maximizing daylight availability and minimizing whole energy consumption for the daylight retrofit of Tallinn University of Technology assembly hall, currently windowless. We present benchmark results of six different multi-objective algorithms and analyze the solutions on the best-known Pareto front. The majority of the analyzed solutions allow for adequate daylight provision of the building without additional energy consumption. Results of daylight and energy simulations for the analyzed solutions, are presented and discussed.

4.Campus developments China Versus Middle East

Author:Loehlein, G

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Campus developments are great social cultural and economic indicator for how a country views education on the one side and on the other what value architecture has in this. The paper is assessing the key stakeholder. The impact education has on the community and economy. Architectural designers are driven by their own design as well as economic ambition. The architectural choice of campus designs in the UAE is driven by internationalization drive. China seems to be more driven by internal flexibility and drive to have a symbolic architectural expression of the campus.

5.Dynamical analysis of a substation structure under short-circuit current loadings

Author:Gong, G;Jiang, W

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:The past several decades have seen a rapid increase of open-air substations to satisfy energy demands, which is partly contributed by up-to-date knowledge and development on short-circuit mechanical effects in substations from a structural engineering viewpoint. Substation structures with flexible conductors are complex, and nonlinear dynamics analysis is required. In this paper, ADINA will be used for such purposes with considerations of geometry nonlinear behaviour of conductor cables under short-circuit loadings. Focus is placed on the investigations of effects of droppers and spacers, together with pinch effects for twin conductors considering the contact nonlinearity.

6.Characterization of Nash equilibria of large games

Author:Fu, HF;Wu, B

Source:JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL ECONOMICS,2019,Vol.85

Abstract:For a large game with traits, this paper characterizes its trait-action distributions in equilibrium by using an inequality under the following two sets of conditions: (i) both trait space and action space of the game contain at most countably many elements; (ii) the agent space is nowhere equivalent to the characteristic type space. Two examples are presented to show the failure of the characterization result when the conditions are not satisfied. Then, we also show the existence of the characterization inequality and the necessity of the two sets of conditions to the characterization results. Finally, the existence of Nash equilibria under the two sets of conditions comes naturally as a corollary. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

7.SPECULATIVE URBAN TYPES A Cellular Automata Evolutionary Approach

Author:Dounas, T;Spaeth, B;Wu, H;Zhang, CK

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:The accelerated rate of urbanization in China is the motivator behind this paper. As a response to the observed monotonous housing developments in Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) and elsewhere our method exploits Cellular Automata (CA) combined with fitness evaluation algorithms to explore speculatively the potential of building regulations for increased density and diversity through an automated design algorithm. The well-known Game of Life CA is extended from its original 2-dimensional functionality into the realm of three dimensions and enriched with the possibility of resizing the involved cells according to their function. Moreover our method integrates the "social condenser" as a means of diversifying functional distribution within the Cellular Automata as well as solar radiation as requested by the existing building regulation. The method achieves a densification of the development from 31%% to 39%% ratio of footprint to occupied volume whilst obeying the solar radiation rule and offering a more diverse functional occupation. This proof of concept demonstrates a solid approach to the automated design of housing developments at an urban scale with a, yet limited, evaluation procedure including solar radiation which can be extended to other performance criteria in future work.

8.An Eco-poetic Approach to Architecture Across Boundaries

Author:Westermann, C

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:As highlighted by the post-Cartesian discourse across philosophical schools, Western thought had been struggling for a long time with conceiving interconnectedness. The problematic of Western dualism is most apparent with the so-called mind-body problem, but the issue does not only relate to the separation of body and mind but also the separation of living beings from their environments. Asian philosophy, on the other hand, has had a long history of thinking relations. The paper argues that an architectural philosophy that is open for a dialogue with Asian views would allow for a new approach to conceptualising the interconnectedness of minds, bodies, environments, and cultures. Linking Asian and Western aesthetics with a discourse on ecology, and setting it into dialogue with contemporary theories of architecture, the paper also refers to recent research on embodiment that is engaging from a new point of view with the natural sciences, and that appears to confirm positions of traditional Chinese philosophy. Reconsidering traditional Chinese art and aesthetics, the paper suggests, could initiate a new eco-poetic way of thinking the built environment and its design in favour of a future that is more than smart.

9.'In need of a foreign trademark' English literature in Mainland China

Author:Matthews, G

Source:FUTURE OF ENGLISH IN ASIA: PERSPECTIVES ON LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE,2016,Vol.

10.Introduction of Decentralized Ventilation systems in buildings

Author:Kim, MK

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:In this study, the decentralized ventilation performance of a small air ventilator to replace natural ventilation for use in urban areas is analyzed and compared to conventional centralized ventilation systems in Central European climates. This unit is equipped with a fan, air filter and air damper, as well as a heat exchanger, which is to be operated when the supply air also needs to provide heating or cooling. Compared with a conventional centralized economizer, this system has shorter air transport distances and therefore entails lower pressure losses. In a decentralized system, fan speed and airflow rate are adjusted simply and effectively depending on indoor thermal conditions.

11.Complexity and Simplicity Tensions in teaching computation to large numbers of architecture students

Author:Spaeth, AB;Dounas, T;Kieferle, J

Source:ECAADE 2016: COMPLEXITY & SIMPLICITY, VOL 1,2016,Vol.

Abstract:This paper describes the challenges and approaches to introduce computational thinking to a large and diverse group of architecture students during an international workshop with 300 students from different cultural backgrounds and educational levels, also integrating a diverse group of tutors whose computational expertise varied extremely. The approach suggested articulating a design task which enforced computational thinking but enabled different levels of engagement with the computer as a tool. Hypothetically this would allow all participants to engage with the computational thinking agenda regardless their computational affinity even whilst applying analogue methods. Besides the intercultural experience the workshop was successful in exposing a large group of students and tutors to the concepts of computational design whilst accommodating different learning preferences and engagement with the computer as a device.

12.Aerodynamic Shape Optimization for High-Rise Conceptual Design Integrating and validating parametric design, (fast) fluid dynamics, structural analysis and optimization

Author:Zhang, R;Waibel, C;Wortmann, T

Source:ECAADE 2020: ANTHROPOLOGIC - ARCHITECTURE AND FABRICATION IN THE COGNITIVE AGE, VOL 1,2020,Vol.

Abstract:Using an integrated workflow with parametric design, Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) and Fast Fluid Dynamic (FFD) simulations, structural analysis and optimization, this paper evaluates the relative suitability of CFD and FFD simulations for Aerodynamic Shape Optimization (ASO). Specifically, it applies RBFOpt, a model-based optimization algorithm, to the ASO of a supertall high-rise. The paper evaluates the accuracy of the CFD and FDD simulations relative to a slower, more exact CFD simulation, and the performance of the model-based optimization algorithm relative to CMA-ES, an evolutionary algorithm. We conclude that FFD is useful for relative comparisons, such as for optimization, but less accurate than CFD in terms of absolute quantities. Although results tend to be similar, CMA-ES performs less well than RBFOpt for both large and small numbers of simulations, and for both CFD and FFD. RBFOpt with FFD emerges as the most suitable method for conceptual design, as it is much faster and only slightly less effective than RBFOpt with CFD.

13.DIGITAL TOOLS, ANALOGUE MINDS A Project-based Framework for Understanding the Dialogue In-between

Author:Raonic, A;Raonic, M

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:This paper is situated in a specific research by design setting, where the realised work of architecture has been generated with digital tools operated by analogue minds of designers. It examines the relation-ship between the two entities, the designer and the tools, in an attempt to understand their specific roles better, trusting that this can lead to anew ways of enhancing the design process. Through revisiting the processes, methods, techniques and tools employed within various design-cycles of the project, authors present their own/designerly/experience, pointing to both the potentials and limitations of the digital tools used. The attention is drawn to the importance for a human designer to have a critical awareness of the true nature of the computational systems and the capacity of both to adapt to the given context, in order to be able to embrace them and use to their full potentials.

14.Study of morphological structures of historical centres as a basic tool for understanding the new conditions of social habitat. Quito, Suzhou, and Syracuse

Author:Gritti, A;Rosero, V;Dall'Asta, JC;Rocchio, D;Porreca, R;Tagliabue, F

Source:24TH ISUF INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: CITY AND TERRITORY IN THE GLOBALIZATION AGE,2018,Vol.

Abstract:In the age of globalization, architecture (through an identity crisis) is directly connected with the loss of progressive recognition of morphological studies of city and territory, in a gradual replacement with real-time views of phenomena and urban facts. The satellite gaze finally flattens the interpretation ability of living spaces that were the prerogative of the morphological studies. The actual complexity of cities and territories escapes from the architect's eyes as they increase their technical capability to know details. The season of great renovations and methodological studies that had powered the 1960s, 70s and 80s seems hopelessly distant. Studies on social, economic, and environmental components of the cities and territories (infrastructure, public space, environmental networks) are so proliferated without actually being supported by adequate interpretations of their physical-spatial dynamics. The result: a substantial failure of architectural design to express human habitat visions. It is imperative a theoretical and practical effort to pick up the threads of an interrupted conversation, and return where these studies have expressed their richest potential: the historical centers, the places with most dense and rich heritage. Historical centers of cities like Quito, Syracuse and Suzhou have settled and stratified the morphological structures of several different settlement patterns. As a result, architecture has demonstrated an ability of description and interpretation. Reflecting on how this goal was reached in these cities (by means much less powerful than the current) settlement will be able to bid the morphological component of urban and regional studies and architecture project as a fundamental tool for understanding the human habitat.

15.CONTINGENCY BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE CHARACTERISTICS AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER MECHANISM: AN INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK

Author:Li, ZY;Xi, YM

Source:MANAGING KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL AND COLLABORATIVE INNOVATIONS,2010,Vol.8

Abstract:Drawing on the knowledge-based view of the firm, this paper investigates the effectiveness of different organizational mechanisms on knowledge transfer. In this study, we propose a paradigm for managing the complex process of knowledge transfer. Its central theme is that the effectiveness of knowledge transfer depends on the fit between knowledge characteristics and transfer mechanism. It is argued that different knowledge requires different organizational mechanisms to support its transfer. A theoretical framework is developed to provide an analytical perspective on this issue. Two categories of organizational mechanism for knowledge transfer are identified (i.e., formal and informal mechanism), the types, dimensions, and characteristics of knowledge are discussed, and the nature of this fit is examined.

16.Student Perceptions of Sony's Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Policies and Activities with Regard to Environment

Author:Wang, YN

Source:2015 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH (SSR 2015),2015,Vol.13

Abstract:This paper examines Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU) Year-2 students' perception of Sony's Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies and activities with regard to environment. To study in depth, this research mainly focuses on two research questions by means of questionnaire. Overall, the findings of the report show that environmental policies become increasingly necessary for consumers, so it could significantly affect their choices.

17.The Emergence of Collaborative Tourism: An Application of Intimacy Theory

Author:Yuan, RZ

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF 2018 CHINA MARKETING INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: SMART MARKETING: HUMAN, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION,2018,Vol.

Abstract:The emergence of collaborative tourism presents a rich vein for advancing the empirical and theoretical understanding of tourists' satisfaction towards the destination. Recent literature suggests that the social and networked nature of social media is an ideal environment for peer to peer interaction in the travelling scenarios. However, there has been limited research into defining and developing collaboration tourism, including how do collaborative tourists interact and how do these collaborative behaviours influence their emotional reactions towards the travel destination. This study provides insights into the impact of tourism collaboration on tourist satisfaction due to tourists' perceived intimacy towards the destination. A sample of collaboration members was drawn from tourism community in China. The structural equation modelling results show that information sharing and behavioural collaboration have significant impacts on tourists' physical, verbal, spiritual and intellectual intimacy towards the peers in the destination, which lead to higher level of satisfaction towards the place. This study contributes to the existing literature on collaboration tourism by examining that: (1) the collaborative tourism becomes important to consumers, and is an interpersonal relationship; (2) the collaboration behaviours among tourists create intimacy within the tourism experience, and (3) those physical and emotional sensations/intimacies increase tourists' satisfaction towards the destination.

18.CLASSROOM RESPONSE TECHNOLOGY: HOW TO ENGAGE THE DISENGAGED MIND IN CHINA

Author:Bao, CZ

Source:EDULEARN13: 5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND NEW LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES,2013,Vol.

Abstract:Without engaging the students effectively, the likelihood of success in any particular teaching format is questionable. Engagement in the classroom or lecture theatre is a joint negotiation between student and faculty. Students should be provided with the environment to play an active part in meeting desired learning outcomes. This can in part be achieved by educational institutions investing in the student through providing appropriate educational practices and conditions to create a positive and active learning environment, thus facilitating student engagement in the learning process. Student engagement is complex and involves a number of variables, including those that affect the potential for learning success (Horstmanshof & Zimitat, 2007). Student engagement is particularly important in the Chinese higher educational context, where large classes are the norm. This is particularly the case in transnational educational (TNE) institutions, where students may not only be in large classes, but also learning in a second or foreign language. This paper draws on one of the findings from an internally funded teaching development project that investigated engagement issues associated with a multidisciplinary business module delivered to year 2 students at an English speaking university in Suzhou, China. Large classes have become increasingly common as the university continues to expand, especially in student intensive disciplines such as those found in the Business School at the university. Mulryan-Kyne (2010) suggests that increases in class size at university bring new issues and problems, including increases in staff: student ratios, and resultant lack of contact with lecturers and tutors, leading to a return to passive teaching methods and learning. Using a content analysis from data collected through focus groups of students associated with the module, an 'Introduction to Organisation and Management', as well as staff teaching on the module and from the wider and business school, a number of themes have been identified. These can be broadly categorized as being related to innovative use of technology in the lecture room; enriching educational delivery; and faculty presentability. The current paper concentrates on the use of personal response systems, or 'clickers', which the student focus groups identified as being beneficial in large classes. The literature suggests that clickers can have positive benefits for promoting active learning (Hinde and Hunt, 2006; Patry, 2009) and promoting teacher: student engagement (Roschelle et al, 2004), encourage critical thinking during class (Cooper and Robinson, 2000) and that there may be some positive correlation between use of clickers and assessment (Morling et al, 2008). Less positive reactions include the 'gimmick effect' where there seems to be no clear rationale for the learning value of 'clickers' beyond the sake of using it (Simpson and Oliver, 2006), and possible increased student anxiety (Johnson and McLeod, 2004). This paper discusses how the student experience of 'clickers' in the Chinese and TNE context reflects the literature. Drawing on personal experience of how my own teaching practices have been informed by the research, it concludes by providing pointers for future successful engagement in this unique context.

19.Factors Influencing the User Acceptance of Alipay

Author:Guo, HJ;Huang, X;Craig, P

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2015 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMY, MANAGEMENT AND EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY,2015,Vol.29

Abstract:This study looks at factors that influence user adoption of third-part-payment systems such as Alipay and PayPal. A research model and five hypotheses are proposed based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). These relate different factors to user adoption and form the basis of a survey which we present to a sample of 207 Chinese consumers. Our hypotheses are tested using a paired t-test with results revealing that, social influence, performance expectancy and facilitating conditions are the factors most likely to affect user adoption.

20.Compressive and flexural strength of Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete containing recycled rubber crumb

Author:Wang, X;Xia, J;Li, Y

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) has excellent mechanical properties and good durability. However, the embodied energy of UHPFRC is much higher than that of ordinary concrete due to the high usage of cement. In order to reduce the adverse environmental impact of utilizing UHPFRC, recycled rubber crumb is used as an additional component or as a replacement for fine aggregates. Cube specimens with two different mix design schemes were investigated during this study. The reduction of compressive strength was investigated. UHPFRC prisms were also cast and loaded in four point bending tests to check the reduction of flexural strength. The mixing procedure and temperature variation during the casting process was recorded. Some cube specimens were heat cured in hot water at 90 degree Celsius for forty-eight hours. Those cubes were tested following curing at around 7 days to obtain the early age strength, while other cubes are normally cured in water at around 20 degree Celsius with the prisms until 28 days.

21.Achieving Competitive Advantage through Building an Intelligent Organization with Technological Innovation: The Case Of A Chinese Enterprise

Author:Tan, B;Cao, XW;Ahpak, D

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF 2010 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATION, MANAGEMENT AND SERVICE,2010,Vol.

Abstract:As the economy continue to grow dramatically, more and more Chinese companies are competing with not only "foreign invaders" in China's domestic market but also business giants in the global market. For a Chinese firm, having lower labour cost is no longer the best way to achieve and maintain competitive advantage (CA). On the other hand, technological innovation (TI) is widely recognized as the key to creating and sustaining CA. Therefore, the question is on how to improve the capability of TI. Based on the knowledge-based sustainable CA approach, through combining [1] building intelligent organisations model with TI, the aim of this paper is to investigate through a Chinese case study company on whether sustainable CA through TI and the relationship between improving TI and building an intelligent organisation can be achieved. Data is mainly collected through questionnaires and gathering data from databanks and archives. Key findings indicated that competitive advantage can be created from TI activities and that a flat organisational structure and efficient information system can help develop a learning organisation. Limitations of the research and suggestions for future work conclude the paper.

22.Efficiency of Weather Derivatives: A Study of Rice and Wheat in China

Author:Ender, M;Zhang, RY

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (INTCESS14), VOLS I AND II,2014,Vol.

Abstract:The efficiency of temperature-based weather derivatives (WD) in reducing risk exposure for Chinese agriculture industry is analyzed in this paper. Therefore, a put option with cumulated growing degree days as its underlying index is assumed to be bought by a farmer as a risk management instrument. A weather-yield model is constructed to find a suitable regression model to predict the crop yield based on weather variables. Through comparing the producers' revenue with and without WD for 57 years, efficiency criteria as risk measures are calculated. The study includes rice and wheat production in the area of Shanghai and Beijing. The results of the efficiency tests show that temperature-based put options are an efficient risk reducing instrument in offsetting yield shortfalls for rice and wheat in China.

23.A review on Agricultural Fibre Reinforced Concrete

Author:Nepal, B;Chin, CS;Jones, S

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:The construction industry has undergone rapid development during the last few decades. This significant construction growth has substantially increased the demand for construction materials. Among all materials used in the construction industry, concrete is the most significant. Billions of tonnes of naturally occurring minerals are mined for the production of concrete which has left a big gap in terms of sustainability of the construction industry. To overcome this drawback, the search for durable and sustainable construction materials is currently needed. The world of concrete with fibres has been in continuous research and also in use. However, manmade fibres though enhanced the properties of traditional concrete, are not sustainable and economical. This paper presents a brief review of fibres from agriculture wastes that have been in research and application as potential next generation construction materials. The micro-structure and properties of Agriculture Fibre Reinforced Concrete (AFRC) are described and some current possible applications are mentioned. Various methodology, emerging trends as well as variations in modification techniques for agricultural fibre modified concrete are observed. Several recently published articles and technical papers dealing with such fibre modified concrete are critically reviewed.

24.Embrace and Access the Open Access Journals as Library Resources

Author:Bi, X

Source:IEEE 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON EMERGING TRENDS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SERVICES (ETTLIS 2018),2018,Vol.

Abstract:Scholarly communication and academic publishing are changing. The internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) make it easy to publish and share content online. As an alternative to subscription model to academic journals, open Access publishing are booming both in terms of the numbers of the journals and the impact it created. This brings a big opportunity to the Libraries in the collection development and also a challenge to the Library as supporting function to learning, teaching and research. Libraries shall embrace this new trend and integrate the open access journals into their collections. Compared to those established subscription journal which have a track record in reputation, it appears rather hard for librarians and faculties to assess the quality of Open Access publishing. This article introduces the concept and definition of Open Access, its different models in practice, and the criteria and principles which librarians and researchers could use to assess the quality of Open Access publishing, and this article also presents the trusted tools helping librarians and researchers to identify quality open access journals.

25.Sustainable Architecture for Future High Density Cities: An Applied Design Approach

Author:Bissoonauth, C;Herr, CM;Fischer, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This paper presents a series of speculative, research-driven architectural design proposals addressing sustainability in the high-density urban contexts of Shanghai and Hong Kong. The projects each address specific urban problems arising from the site contexts while also developing and utilising innovative ideas generated from architectural and technological considerations. Design results include speculative mid-rise buildings that employ innovative sustainable design approaches ranging from the social to the material dimension. While findings confirm the general notion that an integrated architectural approach must address social, ecological and economic issues to ensure sustainability and viability, this paper further informs researchers as well as practitioners in the creative disciplines with regards to the short- and long-term priorities we have established amongst these issues through the discussed investigation.

26.Architects and Global Marketing - Buying and Selling in China

Author:Di, Y

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This essay will discuss the phenomenon of world-famous architects in the neoliberal age and their propagation within the Chinese market, focusing on the practice of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG). This essay seeks to examine the mechanisms behind BIG's global stardom. It outlines BIG's rise to fame and entry into the Chinese architectural market. Taking the case of the Danish Pavilion, it then analyses specific marketing strategies BIG have adopted in advertising the Pavilion to Chinese audiences. It then discusses China's peculiar market condition and extrapolates BIG's common strategies for brand building. The essay argues that BIG's success is underpinned by the use of visual communication for self-promotion, which appeals to wider audiences. Their success is also a testimony of pervasive consumerism. However, the Danish Pavilion does relate to history, culture, or society. The phenomenon of BIG's architectural stardom is also worrying for the architecture industry and education, which is remains historically embedded in the notion of the singular author and egocentricism.

27.Smart Contracts for Decentralised Building Information Modelling

Author:Dounas, T;Jabi, W;Lombardi, D

Source:ECAADE 2020: ANTHROPOLOGIC - ARCHITECTURE AND FABRICATION IN THE COGNITIVE AGE, VOL 2,2020,Vol.

Abstract:The paper presents a model for decentralizing building information modelling, through implementing its infrastructure using the decentralized web. We discuss the shortcomings of BIM in terms of its infrastructure, with a focus on tracing identities of design authorship in this collective design tool. In parallel we examine the issues with BIM in the cloud and propose a decentralized infrastructure based on the Ethereum blockchain and the Interplanetary filesystem (IPFS). A series of computing nodes, that act as nodes on the Ethereum Blockchain, host disk storage with which they participate in a larger storage pool on the Interplanetary Filesystem. This storage is made available through an API is used by architects and designers creating and editing a building information model that resides on the IPFS decentralised storage. Through this infrastructure central servers are eliminated, and BIM libraries and models can be shared with others in an immutable and transparent manner. As such Architecture practices are able to exploit their intellectual property in novel ways, by making it public on the internet. The infrastructure also allows the decentralised creation of a resilient global pool of data that allows the participation of computation agents in the creation and simulation of BIM models.

28.High Performance Working Practices: The New Framework for Nurturing Sustainability?

Author:Martins, A;Martins, I;Pereira, OP;Brown, K

Source:2011 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCES AND SOCIETY (ICSSS 2011), VOL 2,2011,Vol.

Abstract:A new organisational paradigm demands ethical commitment as well as committed agents towards society, visible practices which are exemplary in the citizenship domain. Within this domain, a culture of social and human solidarity is highlighted, so as to demonstrate to the economic agents that immaterial capital in society functions as the main artery of economy, even if those that are more inclined towards materialistic mindsets, do not understand this natural order within society. It is in this context that we intend to reflect upon the future ways that organisations foster creativity, based on intangible resources to leverage their sustainability and financial independence. Thus,the objective of this paper is to reflect upon the high performance work organisations framework, which is influenced by Learning Organisations as well as the development human and intellectual capitalsin order to structure organisational competitive advantage. Our aim is to bring some light to this framework and demonstrate the importance of its implementation in a society dominated by the information revolution.

29.Research on Online Knowledge Sharing Behavior of College Students

Author:Sun, SW;Jiang, JH;Ding, ZJ;Lin, FQ;Jin, SS;Lin, YQ;Li, SY;Cai, L

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2018 INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON EDUCATION REFORM AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (ERSS 2018),2018,Vol.300

Abstract:Knowledge is the prerequisite for college students to obtain employment abilities and opportunities. At present, most of the research on students' knowledge sharing is conducted from the perspective of academic achievement, but seldom from the perspective of vocational education and vocational development knowledge. This paper explores the college students' understanding of vocational knowledge sharing behavior and the antecedents of online knowledge sharing behavior. This paper uses qualitative research through inviting 30 people (including 7 teachers and 23 students) to interview based on semi-structure interview (31 questions for students and 16 questions for teachers) using mobile phone record software. In view of our research, this study has obtained the factors affecting college students' online vocational knowledge sharing. This study also puts forward suggestions and suggestions on how to improve students' knowledge sharing from the perspective of students, schools and society.

30.Globalisation, National identity and the Transformation and Renovation of Museums in France and Mainland China

Author:Jiang, Y

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:In the neoliberal era, to attract more visitors, museums serve not only as cultural landmarks but also as commodities. The new role leads to a transnational and consumer-oriented subsequent form of museums. Many private museums and royal palaces are renovated into publicly accessible consumer-driven architecture. Such a transformation sometimes employs globalised identities, involving collaborative architectural practice in balanced cultural exchanges of ideas. However, since the museums are national projects, they are guided by governments more or less different agendas. So as to understand the role these governments play with, comparisons between two national landmark museums - the Louvre Pyramid in Paris and the Northern part of the Palace Museum in Beijing - will be made here, according to their extension and renovation. The paper analyses similarities in museum situations and it investigates different renovation strategies to fulfilling the respective transformation. Moreover, it discusses causes and effects between the functions, political situations and global practices, associated with 'governmentality', referring to the economics and politics in the 1980s' France and the 21st century's China.

31.Reflective Practice: Lessons Learnt by Using Board Games as a Design Tool for Location-Based Games

Author:Jones, C;Papangelis, K

Source:GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR LOCAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT,2020,Vol.

Abstract:Location-based gaming (LBG) apps present many challenges to the design process. They have very different requirements compared to games that are aspatial in nature. They take place in the wild and this brings unique challenges to the practicalities of their design. There is a need to balance the core game play with the spatial requirements of location-aware technologies as well as considering the overall theme and objectives of the game together with the motivations and behaviours of players. We reflect upon this balancing act and explore an approach to creative paper prototyping through the medium of board games to co-design LBG requirements. We examine two case studies of location-based games with different goals. The first case study discusses the CrossCult Pilot 4 app built to trigger reflection on historical stories through thoughtful play. Whilst the second case study uses the City Conquerer app designed and played in Suzhou, China with a view to exploring notions of territoriality. The paper considers how spatial, social and interaction metaphors are used to simulate location-based games in a board game and discusses the lessons learned when transforming the paper game into a digital prototype. It forms part of a thinking by doing approach. By comparing the board games to the technical counterparts, we consider how effective are the features and activities implemented in the technology prototypes. We propose a set of 11 design constraints that developers must be mindful of when transitioning from paper to digital prototypes.

32.Chinese Sociocultural Perspectives and Creativity: Design Practices in the Public Transport Sector

Author:Sterling, SE;Liu, BJ

Source:CROSS-CULTURAL DESIGN: APPLICATIONS IN CULTURAL HERITAGE, CREATIVITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, CCD 2018,2018,Vol.10912

Abstract:Creativity in China in the current era of globalization has become a buzzword for industry, acting as a catalyst for innovative potential and investment. However, while 'Made in China' has long been established, 'Created in China' still requires some legitimization internationally, and alongside creativity comes the need for a more nuanced, cross-cultural perspective in design and manufacturing alike. The 'Belt and Road' initiative is one key national plan in this larger globalization-oriented process and the high speed train, which has been referred to as China's 'national identity card', plays a symbolic role in this initiative. Exporting public transport systems, e.g. high speed trains, to international markets inevitably brings with it the challenge of cross-cultural issues, due to the different cultural background of prospective passengers. The nature of creativity itself bears an intrinsic link with one's worldview, as the act of creating is variable in different perspectives. While a particular social setting in one country or society may be historically aligned with concepts of creativity or idea-generation, that same social setting elsewhere may be viewed as a deterrent or hindrance. The importance of cross-cultural perceptions of creativity in the realm of idea-generation as related to design thus requires a thorough examination. As the conditions and need for growth in innovative thinking grows, the need to understand creativity as it is understood from a Chinese lens becomes a timely area of focus. This paper will examine the relationship between culture and creativity, as evidenced by a study on employees of a publicly owned transportation company in Mainland China.

33.The implied arbitrage mechanism in financial markets

Author:Chen, SY;Chng, MT;Liu, QF

Source:JOURNAL OF ECONOMETRICS,2021,Vol.222

Abstract:The no-arbitrage condition is a cornerstone concept in financial market research. However, the arbitrage mechanism that is inherent in the trading process for related securities, is not readily observable. We develop a generalized smooth-transition vector error-correction model, or GST-VECM, to estimate the arbitrage mechanism from financial market data. The GST-VECM can (i) back out the implied no-arbitrage band, (ii) estimate arbitrage intensity for upper and lower bound violations, and (iii) accommodate convergence risk for statistical arbitrage. Using the introduction of CSI300 ETF trading in China as a natural experiment, we estimate the GST-VECM to reveal some insight into how a microstructural policy, by altering the index arbitrage mechanism, affects the pricing link between spot and futures markets. (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

34.ROBOTIC SIMULATION OF TEXTILE AS CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT AND FORMWORK

Author:Lu, X;Dounas, T;Spaeth, B;Bissoonauth, C;Galobardes, I

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:New possibilities of concrete constructions in architecture, the traditional formwork can be gradually replaced by the use of flexible textile. At the same time textile reinforcement combined with fabric formwork, introduces an innovative integrated solution in the fabrication of concrete. Based on a simple understanding of the textile weaving and knitting techniques, this project concentrates on the architectural production and the structural optimization of the textile as both concrete reinforcement and formwork. Furthermore, we present a robotic simulation of the process that develops using a series of computational experiments to research the sequence of weaving and/or knitting. Through the computational process and the design simulations, the research is firmly rooted in analog and digital exploration of material and its implementation in architecture, with particular emphasis on the convergence of robotics and computation. Note that the paper deals mainly with the software and weaving simulation as part of a larger research project, without dealing with the production of physical artefacts.

35.Towards Blockchains for architectural design Consensus mechanisms for collaboration in BIM

Author:Dounas, T;Lombardi, D;Jabi, W

Source:ECAADE SIGRADI 2019: ARCHITECTURE IN THE AGE OF THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, VOL 1,2019,Vol.

Abstract:We present a Blockchain collaboration mechanism on optimisation problems between distributed participants who work with building information modelling tools. The blockchain mechanism is capable of executing smart contracts, acting as a reward mechanism of independent designers attempting to collaborate or compete on optimising a design performance problem. Earlier work has described the potential integration through different levels of Computer Aided Design and Blockchain. We present an expanded version of that integration and we showcase how a team can collaboratively and competitively work, using BIM tools, through the blockchain. The original contribution of the paper is the use of the design optimisation performance as a consensus mechanism for block writing in blockchains. To accomplish that we introduce mechanisms for BIM to Blockchain Integration but also describe a special category of blockchains for architectural design and the built environment. The paper concludes with an analysis of the relationship between trust and values as encapsulated in the blockchain and how these could affect the design collaboration.

36.ADAPTING CELLULAR AUTOMATA AS ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN TOOLS

Author:Herr, CM;Ford, RC

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2015): EMERGING EXPERIENCES IN THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE,2015,Vol.

Abstract:In this paper we examine the adaptations cellular automata (CA) are typically subjected to when they are applied to architectural designing. We argue that, despite a number of earlier studies that portrayed CA as generic generative design tools, the transition from generic CA to specific design tools is not yet well understood. To describe this transition, we first examine this aspect in a number of previous studies relating CA to architectural design. In a following detailed analysis of an applied design case study, we trace similarities between findings made in the literature review to findings made in the case study and extend them with additional observations. We conclude with a summary of challenges and opportunities met by architectural designers employing and developing CA for design purposes.

37.Design of an Interactive Classroom with Bullet Screen Function in University Teaching

Author:Yang, R;Zhou, C;Huang, MJ;Wen, HQ;Liang, HN

Source:2021 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION AND EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY (ICIET 2021),2021,Vol.

Abstract:Classroom interaction is an important part of teaching which can greatly enhance the learning performance of students. However, the following problems still exist in conducting interactive teaching in conventional classroom, such as limited interaction format, lack of enthusiasm and unequal interaction frequency. As a widely adopted interactive tool in online video websites, the bullet screen is instant and convenient with high interactivity, which is extremely popular among the young generation such as university undergraduate students. In this paper, a software platform is designed to collect the bullet screen messages generated by students in classroom and display them instantly together with teaching materials such as lecture slides via projector, which can be later collected for teaching and learning performance analysis. This paper aims to propose a possible solution of the mentioned problems to construct a convenient and efficient interactive classroom to improve the teaching quality.

38.The Role of Regulatory Focus and its Influence on the Cultural Distance - Adjustment Relationship for Expatriate Managers

Author:Silbiger, A;Barnes, BR;Berger, R;Renwick, DWS

Source:2019 AIB SOUTHEAST ASIA REGIONAL CONFERENCE: US-CHINA TRADE WAR, DEGLOBALIZATION, AND INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS (AIBSEAR),2019,Vol.

39.The Prediction of Gold Price Using ARIMA Model

Author:Yang, XH

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCE, PUBLIC HEALTH AND EDUCATION (SSPHE 2018),2018,Vol.196

Abstract:Although,2016 and 2017 have risen, the international gold price has been in the doldrums since 2013. The volatility of gold prices will have a profound effect on the investment decisions of individuals, enterprises and countries. This study focuses on the figure of gold prices from July 2013 to June 2018 according to the World Gold Council, and aims to forecast and analyze daily gold price of USD in the first half of the month of July 2018 through the establishment of ARIMA model. This study also uses AC, PAC, AIC, BIC to estimate the accuracy of models. Empirical outcomes demonstrate that ARIMA (3, 1, 2) is the finest model to predict the gold price of USD. The estimate outcomes of ARIMA Model are vital for people to understand the efficiency of gold prices and make great investment choices.

40.PARAMETRIC CUSTOMISATION OF A 3D CONCRETE PRINTED PAVILION

Author:Fischer, T;Herr, CM

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2016): LIVING SYSTEMS AND MICRO-UTOPIAS: TOWARDS CONTINUOUS DESIGNING,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Advances in 3D printing technology have reached architectural scales with 3D concrete printing, a digitally controlled fabrication process in which fibre-reinforced concrete is deposited layer-by-layer to fabricate building elements. In this paper we present a brief overview of key concrete 3D printing related research development efforts, followed by a report on a research project into the parametric online customisation and fabrication of small 3D concrete printed pavilions. The research project is set in, and addresses possibilities and constraints of, the developing local Chinese construction context.

41.IT IS SO HARD

Author:Stankovic, N

Source:4TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED 2010),2010,Vol.

Abstract:Software engineering is a challenging discipline because the level of problem presentation is mostly high, dealing with design problems and abstract concepts. Even simple questions are often missed in students work, such as What do I need to know to make my design work?, What information or objects are missing in my design?, and Is my design consistent at the same level and across levels? It appears that the difficulty of producing structured documentation and acquiring the skills of expressing oneself in another language, such as the Unified Modeling Language (UML), or in a different way obscures the need for answering such questions. Even when the design is coarse, the understanding of the concepts and relating them to behavior, assigning behavior to objects, and thinking and solving problems at different levels of abstraction at the same time is difficult for most students.

42.Watching and Being Watched: Gender and Space in the Painting of the Qianlong Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour with a Comparative View

Author:Wang, YZ

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This article explores the female space in the painting of Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour, which depicts the daily life and activities of the eighteenth-century Chinese city Suzhou. From the observation of the painting, there are semi-open spaces along the streets in which females stand and watch the imperial parade. Women tended to be invisible in the public circumstance during feudal periods: this research analyses the presence and role of these female spaces and whether they can be seen as a step towards the modern space in the process of early-modern China. In analyzing these spaces, it focuses on the relation between the women's watching and being watched in the space, and how it represents the evolution of feminism consciousness in space in feudal times and, sequentially, how it evokes the consideration of feminist role in modern practice. The study shows that the semi-open space that hosts the female activities can be regarded as an epitome of negotiating space and gender in the urban context. Women in the painting were exposed to the public to a certain extent, while they were still within mental and physical boundaries in the female social structure of the Emperor Qianlong period. These negotiations indicate the transition of gender and space in the late Imperial China and present parts of the process of spatial modernization in the Jiangnan region. From the comparative perspective, this research further investigates the relationships of gender and space by focusing on the space along the streets in the Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour, located within the homogenous space of the Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival of Ming dynasty seen Canaletto's paintings of eighteenth-century Europe and Dianshi Zhai's pictorials of the late Qing period. The research traces space in these paintings and how it represents the feminism consciousness and the evolution of female space in different historical and cultural backgrounds by looking at the social relations of the production of the specific history of people's daily lives and the differences of social classes and nations.

43.The Possibility of Teaching Chinese Students of Architecture to Write (A House)

Author:Berstrand, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Writing, as the projection of a building, is integral to the discipline of architecture. In the specification, the architect describes the edifice from inside out so that it may materialise in accordance with the plan drawn up. There are other kinds of writing too, if not the writing of a house itself - a paper house built from words without even folding the surface of its flat ground. I propose to write this house by moving four times around my chosen site - an A4 sheet of white paper. Four times because tracing the contours of this field means turning a corner four times. Two times two, because when turning the paper itself, the writing splits across one side and the other. One times four, because writing a hole in the centre allows me to peep through this central void to charge the whole structure from within. And if, by then, the boundary of the site also splits, then a space will emerge between its double lines and I will have arrived in a new location - possibly a new kind of house. Can I write this house?

44.A NOTATION TO AID COLUMN AND BEAM LAYOUT DESIGN FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION IN CHINA

Author:Herr, CM;Fischer, T

Source:Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014): RETHINKING COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN: SPECULATIVE COUNTERCULTURE,2014,Vol.

Abstract:In this paper we report on the ongoing development of a toolkit to support the design of column and beam layouts for reinforced concrete structures in China. We present a visual, human-and machine-readable notation for architects and structural engineers to rapidly model column and beam layouts, as well as our underlying considerations. In conjunction with the toolkit, which consists of a CAD package, an editor, a parser, and an interpreter, the notation addresses aspects of local construction practice and supports design considerations including appearance, structural viability, constructability, and cost.

45.Application of Robotic Technologies for the Fabrication Of Traditional Chinese Timber Joints

Author:Zhao, JY;Lombardi, D;Agkathidis, A

Source:ECAADE 2020: ANTHROPOLOGIC - ARCHITECTURE AND FABRICATION IN THE COGNITIVE AGE, VOL 2,2020,Vol.

Abstract:The traditional Chinese building design was influenced by the climate and the sociogeographical conditions of the different regions in China. They were usually constructed out of wood relying on timber-joint based construction systems. Amongst the wide variety of the structural elements, the Dougong (bucket arch) is one of the most common components of traditional wooden framework buildings, presenting a high level of complexity. Parametric design and robotic technology enable new possibilities regarding its fabrication and application in contemporary architecture. Our paper will explore how the Dougong components could be reinvented through the use of parametric tools and robotic fabrication methods and thus applied to contemporary architectural structures. We will analyse and compare the properties of the original Dougong with the reinvented unit by using finite element analysis and digital optimization tools. Our findings will provide an insight into the traditional construction principles of the joint and how these can inform a design and fabrication framework for its application in contemporary buildings.

46.Initiate, Develop, and Implement a Strategic 360 Degree Performance Appraisal System to improving Employee Development for China-based Enterprises

Author:Pak, D

Source:2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT AND INNOVATION IN CHINA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY, BOOKS I AND II,2008,Vol.

Abstract:Performance Management has evolved from a simple method to where either the employees performance if below standard or above and a decrease or an increment was warranted. This prehistoric method left little to the overall development of the appraisal. Now, performance management is a structured interaction between team leader and subordinate, an annual or bi annual process whereby one could argue a SWOT analysis of the employee past performance is undertaken. Many organizations, not all, link their performance appraisal to merits. In turn, performance is still merit based, but opportunity to identify weaknesses and further training and development are included. As any tool or technique, criticisms will always prevail, either through misunderstandings or the fear of change etc. From this two paradoxes arise; "Some have even suggested that the process is so inherently flawed that it may be impossible to perfect it" (Derren, 1990) and Performance Appraisals "the most crucial aspect of organizational life" (Lawrie, 1990). This suggests that organizations require an amicable yardstick to measure performance. The author implies that times has changed; organizations require employees to go beyond efficient and effective, but rather. to distinguish themselves. Organizations require a tool to enhance performance, 360 Degree provides that, but without with out proper planning a framework to initiate, develop and, implement, disaster is imminent. This paper attempts to provide the guidelines required to satisfy that need.

47.OPTIMIZATION OF WINDOW-WALL-RATIO USING BIM-BASED ENERGY SIMULATION

Author:Zhang, C;Ong, LJ

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:In this research, sensitivity analysis is applied to investigate the impact from U-values of walls, U-value of windows, and the window-to-wall ratio. The purpose is to find the co-relationship between those parameters with the building energy performance, including embedded energy in materials and operational energy during the lifecycle. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is used as a platform to obtain the material quantities and carry on energy simulation. A case study is applied for a manufactory plant in Suzhou, China. By applying both local sensitivity analysis and global sensitivity analysis, it is found that thermal properties of walls have insignificant impact on Operational Energy to Embodied Energy (OE-EE) relationship of Window-Wall-Ratio (WWR) whereas changing thermal properties of windows affects the OE-EE relationship behaviour of WWR. Lowering U-value of windows brings positive impact to the OE-EE relationship of WWR, and vice versa. Therefore, suggestions are made as reducing/increasing U-value of windows while increasing/decreasing the WWR of building.

48.Building energy management based on occupant location

Author:Pazhoohesh, M;Zhang, C

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Reducing building energy consumption has received growing attention in the recent decades. The primary energy consumption in buildings is related to heating, ventilation, cooling, and lighting systems. A well-design control system may result in a significant reduction of energy usage. This paper presents and implements three strategies to control and analyze energy consumption in buildings. The schedule, real-time monitoring and a multi-agent system are compared with the baseline energy consumption in a university office. Devices and human agents are introduced to investigate the real-time trend in energy usage and to optimize the consumption of energy, based on the location of occupants. Initial results demonstrate potential energy saving of 16%% in the office.

49.Energy Modelling and Retrofit of the Residential Building Stock of Jiangsu Province

Author:Cimillo, M;Calcerano, F;Chen, X;Chow, D;Gigliarelli, E

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:The contribution discusses the energy use and characteristics of the residential building stock in Jiangsu Province (China), with a focus on the potential of large-scale energy retrofit to mitigate environmental impact and running costs of its most inefficient vintages, while improving occupant comfort and reducing the need for demolition and reconstruction in the upgrading of the stock. While the historical part of the residential stock is profoundly rooted in the local traditions and adapted to the climate of the region, the development of the newer building typologies, that currently constitute the majority of the extant buildings, has been drastically shaped by different international influences starting form the 20th century. The study is part of a research conducted mainly by means of bottom-up energy modelling and simulation. The methodology involves the identification of representative typologies that can be modelled in detail and be assigned a statistical weight to typify the behaviour of the entire stock. Different sets of simulations can then predict the performance of the entire stock in in different scenarios. Preliminary results indicate a significant potential of relatively simple retrofit interventions to reduce energy use and, more in general, the environmental impact of the construction and demolition industry in the province.

50.The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries

Author:Regis, PJ

Source:INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ECONOMICS & FINANCE,2018,Vol.56

Abstract:Using a dataset of over 86,000 firms from 179 surveys in developing and emerging countries, this paper presents evidence of the relationship between the margins of trade and productivity. Consistent with heterogeneous firm theoretical models, firms with high productivity have both greater likelihood of exporting (extensive margin) and higher export volume (intensive margin). Access to credit increases likelihood of entry to international markets; however, credit does not increase export volume. Size is a robust indicator of exporting status and the volume of exports. Firms with foreign ownership participation tend to be exporters, while those with state participation tend not to be.

51.Exploring the Effectiveness of Student-generated Video Tutorials in Electronic Lab-based Teaching

Author:Lu, SF;Cheng, Y;Wang, XY;Du, Y;Lim, EG

Source:2017 IEEE FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION CONFERENCE (FIE),2017,Vol.2017-October

Abstract:Lab-based teaching in which hands-on experiments are to be conducted by students takes an important part for a wide range of engineering and science disciplines. In our current practice, the lab-based teaching involves live demonstration and tutorials after the off-line lab manual review. This has become particularly problematic when the number of students is large and insufficiency on the lab-supporting system becomes a common issue. In the meantime, even with a small number of students, it can be interesting to prepare the lab in a one-to-one tutorial. Well-designed video tutorials eliminate the time and space constraints on learning and provide comprehensive details to students to enable them focus on deepening the understanding of concepts, rather than spending majority of time on trouble shooting during the lab. With the full technical support from the Digital Learning Resources Hub at Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, we propose to involve student volunteers to generate a series of customized video tutorials for our electronics lab-based teaching practice. From the viewpoint of students themselves, these video tutorials are carefully designed based on students' learning needs to seamlessly integrate a wide range of theoretical and practical information. Under the supervision of staff, volunteers will be able to repeat their learning cycles with a different role and enhance their own understanding and knowledge structures, promoting the student-centered education model. Some scenery-based video tutorials will be used in the online quizzes questions to better prepare the students. The generated video tutorials will be shared across a number of electronic engineering modules to further investigate the effectiveness of these video tutorials. The effectiveness can be further explored using online questionnaires and online quizzes and evaluated by comparative studies.

52.A Sense of Japanese Aesthetics: The Role of Materiality in the Work of SANAA

Author:Yang, J

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:While the globalization of the styles and ideas has smoothed geographical and cultural borders, the contemporary Japanese architecture has retained a very distinctive style. SANAA is an internationally significant and prize-winning firm of architects whose works seem to exemplify this kind of architecture. Some of the distinctive features of their work are simplicity, transparency and formal austerity, as well as a peculiar ambiguity in the expression of materiality. What role does the materiality play in creating something uniquely Japanese out of modern architecture? Through a case-study of Louvre-Lens Museum, the paper investigates the role that materiality plays in realising the Japanese aesthetics, focusing primarily on two key material features that have been identified in SANAA's work: transparency and whiteness. Some concepts of Japanese aesthetics are investigated in order to have a better understanding of the idea of ambiguity and weakness embedded in Japanese culture, including the concepts of mono no aware, superflat and philosophy of Rikyu Grey. By analysing the materiality and luminance conditions of interior space of the Louvre-Lens Museum and impact of the environment and time on exterior materiality, the paper suggests that materiality turns out to be a vital tool in the creation of a more tactile and ambiguous experience of vision, which transformed the focus of architecture from form to sensibility and perception. The Japanese aesthetic of simplicity, ambiguity and ephemerality is subtly applied through the seemingly neutral expression of materiality in SANAA's architecture.

53.A Reexamination of Cultural-Based Effects on Judgment: The Impacts of Consumer Involvement and Product Involvement

Author:Wu, GH;Liu, X;Hu, J

Source:CELEBRATING AMERICA'S PASTIMES: BASEBALL, HOT DOGS, APPLE PIE AND MARKETING?,2016,Vol.

54.Designing Mobile Games for Improving Self-esteem in Children with ADHD

Author:Baghaei, N;Casey, J;Ahmad, Y;Liang, HN;Yu, Z

Source:STATE-OF-THE-ART AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF SMART LEARNING,2016,Vol.

Abstract:There are a growing number of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Research has shown that these children process information quite differently from others. A lot of ADHD-diagnosed children (especially inattentive type ADHD) are more of a visual learner, easily distracted, struggle to follow instructions, are easily forgetful and more importantly have low self-esteem. Parents are often overwhelmed by the amount of information they receive on how to handle their child's symptoms and learning style. In this project, we propose a novel way to increase the self-esteem of ADHD-diagnosed children through use of computer games. We came up with a set of design principles that can be applied to any game to make it suitable for ADHD children, especially with the aim of increasing their self-esteem. Our game design was applied to an existing open-source mobile game (GLtron). The results of a pilot study showed that users enjoyed playing the game and found it valuable for increasing players' self-esteem.

55.UNIVERSAL DOVETAIL JOINT

Author:Dounas, T;Spaeth, AB

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 19TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2014): RETHINKING COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN: SPECULATIVE COUNTERCULTURE,2014,Vol.

Abstract:The paper presents the geometrical investigation of a three-dimensional dovetail joint that can lead (timber) frame construction to more than two-dimensional frames; the creation of timber construction with timber members meeting at irregular angles can be shown to be feasible, simplifying overall construction. Traditional joints in timber construction usually work only in two dimensions, in other words in planar surfaces, resulting thus in complicated assemblies in three-dimensions. Stemming from traditional timber dovetail joints, the universal joint under investigation is produced under revolution of the geometry of a dovetail fastener through its middle axis. The resulting concave disk can connect timber elements under irregular angles, without the need for the structural members to lie in the same plane. The joint works due to friction between members rather than using any other element of bonding, allowing for the assembly of joints and structural members with no specialized tools. The paper explores the geometric constraints and degrees of freedom that such a disk creates in timber construction, and consequently in similar linear construction systems.

56.On Developing Interoperable B2B e-Commerce Models for SMEs

Author:Chong, WK;Tadjouddine, EM;Tan, BL;Shafaghi, M

Source:E-BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS,2011,Vol.3

Abstract:Business-to-business (B2B) electronic marketplaces (e-Marketplaces) have been in the limelight since 1999 with the commercialisation of the Internet and subsequent "dot.com" boom Ill. Literature is indicative of the growth of the B2B sectors in all industries, and B2B e-Marketplace is one of the sectors that have witnessed a rapid increase. Consequence, the importance of developing the B2B e-Commerce Model for improved value chain in B2B exchanges is extremely important for SMEs to expose to the world marketplace. There are three research objectives (ROs) in this study; first (RO1) to critical review the concepts of the B2B e-Marketplace including their technologies, operations, business relationships and functionalities; second (RO2) to design an automated mechanism of B2B e-Marketplace for SMEs; and third (RO3) to propose a conceptual B2B e-Commerce model for SMEs. The proposed model is constructed by the analytical findings obtained from the contemporary B2B e-Marketplace literature.

57.A Simulation Based System for Manufacturing Process Optimisation

Author:Ismail, HS;Wang, L;Poolton, J

Source:2014 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT (IEEM),2014,Vol.2015-January

Abstract:Simulation models have been extensively used in manufacturing to enhance the design, planning and decision making processes. However, the tendency has been to use simulation in one-off applications, often at the start of a project and not take account of inherent process changes over time. This has inhibited their contribution as a real-time decision make tool. This paper describes how simulation is used as a component of an integrated optimisation platform to support real-time decision making in a highly variable manufacturing process environment where outputs are stochastic. The paper follows by proposing an integrated framework for addressing issues of process variability in simulation based systems.

58.DESIGNER'S DILEMMA The precision of numerical simulations in design systems

Author:Spaeth, AB

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2013): OPEN SYSTEMS,2013,Vol.

Abstract:Performance based design systems are characterised through the use of performance related evaluation methods or by providing design environments which are restricting the design space according to performance criteria. The performance of a design can be evaluated by numerical simulations. With the use of numerical simulations a fundamental dilemma appears: the precision implied in numerical simulations and the imprecision of the design process itself are systematic contradictions. User control or user interaction in open systems places the user into charge of the imprecision required by the design process. In closed systems, as the below described evolutionary system, methods of imprecision have to be integrated i.e. into the precise simulation based evaluation procedure. Through tolerant selection methods and the gradual evaluation of individuals the rigid and precise system can be guided towards a design system rather than an optimisation system. Due to technical requirements which are related both to the fact of using computer systems but also to the systematic conditions implied to simulations the use of the tolerant selection methods is limited.

59.Driving architectural design with material innovation: A design research approach

Author:Herr, CM

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:This paper presents outcomes of a design research investigation into the architectural implications of innovative uses of concrete. The issue of sustainability is addressed in a variety of ways at the level of architectural design, in response to recent material innovations. The study presented employs design as a method of investigation to develop new visions for future living and working. Results include new types of architectural space developed through the use of translucent concrete, high-strength concrete, fabric-formed concrete, fiber-reinforced concrete, printed concrete, insulated concrete forms and a variety of concrete surface treatments.

60.A Cross-disciplinary Approach to BIM-based Facade Design for Wind Performance

Author:Kwong, CY;Herr, CM;Kreaikas, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This paper examines a cross-disciplinary approach to a high-rise facade design proposal for Hong Kong where the initial architectural design concept provides a negotiable boundary for an architectural engineering design process. A crucial aspect of this process is the consideration of high wind loads on the facade, as they frequently occur in Hong Kong due to regularly occurring typhoons. Design for wind performance is typically outside of the expertise of architectural designers and thus requires close collaboration between architects and structural engineers. Conventionally trained structural engineers may however not be accustomed to work with unusual building form or to consider architectural design ideas as part of engineering proposals. In the context of this paper, building information modeling (BIM) is used to facilitate cross-disciplinary dialogue as well as interdisciplinary workflows during the early design stages.

61.Spatial and Social Assessment of Chinese Urban Neighbourhoods Undergoing Change A Case Study of a Large Scale Resettlement Neighborhood in South Jiangsu Province

Author:Chang, Y;Lu, J;Zhang, XN

Source:BUILDING RESILIENT CITIES IN CHINA: THE NEXUS BETWEEN PLANNING AND SCIENCE,2015,Vol.113

Abstract:This paper reports the preliminary findings from fieldwork in a large resettlement neighbourhood of landless farmers where the total population has grown to five times its original size. The assessment includes a consideration of the demographic, household and family structure of the community, the physical condition and issues of the neighbourhood, neighbourhood attachment and interaction, sense of community and community activity, the existing administrative and management structure and other related issues. The conclusion shows that quality of public open space is a crucial factor in developing a more flourishing neighbourhood life.

62.Comparative Study On The Ethical Perceptions Of Contractors And Designers In The China Construction Industry

Author:Kang, BG;Long, KW;Zhang, C;Hao, JL

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ARCHITECTURE AND CIVIL ENGINEERING (ICACE 2017),2018,Vol.291

Abstract:Ethics is becoming one of the most important requirements for successful business in the 21st century. The construction industry cannot be exceptional from this trend. However construction ethics management requires different approaches from other industries, as the products of the industry are construction projects which are completely different from mass production. Contractors and designers are two major participants in construction projects. The roles and responsibilities of these two project stakeholders decisively influence all aspects of construction project. Practically ethical perceptions of contractors and designers are one of main aspects to be considered for the effective and efficient management of ethics for the construction industry. This research has investigated the ethical perceptions of contractors and designers in the China construction industry. A questionnaire survey which contains 15 ethical issues and 6 demographic factors has been conducted. 170 construction professionals from construction companies and consulting companies have been participated in this survey. These 15 ethical issues are ranked in terms of seriousness, frequency and importance for both contractors and designers as a single group to understand the overall perceptions in the industry. The analysis has also been conducted for contractors and designers respectively to make comparisons between them. The top three serious ethical issues in the industry are 'Bribery and corruption', 'Failure to practice whistle-blowing' and 'Improper bidding practices'. Contractors and designers showed similar outcomes for the top five important ethical issues. But for the middle ranged ethical issues, they showed some differences. Further researches are required to identify the causes of the similarity and differences.

63.Exploring mechanism between social support and proactive career behaviors-based on self-verification theory

Author:Liu, CL;Sun, SW

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (FEBM 2017),2017,Vol.33

Abstract:This paper was designed to quantitatively identify how social support affected proactive career behaviors based on self-verification theory through analyzing 220 valid questionnaires collected from newcomers in several companies in Mainland and Macao. The result showed that social support was positively related to proactive career behaviors, which was mediated by outcome expectation and moderated by proactive personality positively. This research suggests organizations to enhance organizational cultural cultivation and employee training to help newcomers get involved in work more quickly.

64.Flexural test of Tee steel PEC beam

Author:Zhao, BC;Chen, XD;Liu, S;Xia, J

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:To investigate vertical load-bearing capacity of Tee steel PEC beams, test results of two simply supported Tee steel PEC beams under vertical loads are presented. The procedure and method of test was introduced. The carrying capacity and failure mechanism, deformation capacity, mid-span sectional strain distributions were analyzed. The result indicates that the Tee steel PEC beam has good carrying capacity and deformation ability under vertical loads. Tee steel PEC beam specimens with full shear connection exhibit cross sectional strains that meets the flat section assumption. To avoid brittle failure of Tee steel PEC beams, the composite beam should have a larger steel ratio. It is rational that the plastic neutral axis is located in the flange of the concrete plate. Specimens with higher steel ratios have a higher bending strength and stiffness.

65.A Mobile Sensing Kit for Urban Analysis For more legible, quantifiable intangible and temporary data

Author:Diniz, N;Liang, HN

Source:FUSION: DATA INTEGRATION AT ITS BEST, VOL 1,2014,Vol.

Abstract:This paper describes the design and testing of a mobile sensing kit for real-time urban site analysis. It aims to contribute to a discussion on the importance of sensing-based mapping of urban phenomena following our assertion that current delivery of urban analysis methodologies, with their emphasis on visuo-spatial analysis only, fail to create maps that reflect the nuanced and layered interrelationships between the people and the physical environmental space they live in. In essence, the paper will bring to light the set up components and deployment of a mobile sensing kit that allows for usually mapped static invisible data (air quality, temperature, humidity) to be mapped as visible data. In other words, we want to explore how real-time geo-referenced data collection can enhance traditional data mapping and visualization methods enabling designers to understand better the urban space.

66.From model to drawing and back: reversing the design process

Author:Raonic, A

Source:LIVING AND LEARNING: RESEARCH FOR A BETTER BUILT ENVIRONMENT,2015,Vol.

Abstract:This paper rethinks the role and the position of an analogue model within the design process, in the design studio setting, at the earliest stage of architectural education. The main argument set by this paper is that by altering the conventional organization of the design process, students' abilities to generate complex spatial configurations and demanding geometries significantly improve. By starting the design process with an analogue (physical) model instead of with a two dimensional drawing, students are early on equipped with an instrumental method that introduces them to the realm of genetic architecture, algorithmic thinking and the idea of analogue computing. This research is conducted within a regular design studio (level 1) where the coursework formulates the basic parameters. The result of this research is students' work analysed and evaluated by a defined set of criteria and documented in this paper.

67.Hysteretic behavior study of Y-Eccentrically Braced Frames with end-plate connected replaceable links

Author:Shi, FM;Zhao, BC;Tang, C;Xia, J

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:In order to investigate the hysteretic behaviors of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames with end-plate connected replaceable links, fourteen specimens of three series have been designed, concerning the arrangement of bolts, the number of bolts, the diameter of bolts, the thickness of end-plate of the link and the thickness of beam flange. The finite element software ABAQUS is adopted to simulate the hysteretic behavior of these series of specimens so as to analyze the effect of the relevant design parameters on the performance of hysteretic behavior, bearing capacity, lateral stiffness and the energy-dissipation capacity of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames in this paper. The results indicate that the behavior of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames with end-plate connected replaceable shear links is less affected by the connection. Only if the connections are so weak that joints fail earlier than the link will the behavior of the frame suffer a lot from the effect. In addition, the connection construction exerts a significant effect on the replaceable behavior of the link.

68.NON-TRIVIAL MEDIA FACADES

Author:Herr, CM

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:This paper presents a discussion of contemporary interactive media facades that complements the currently primarily technical framing of this field of research. Media facades, in the form of digitally orchestrated facade illumination, are discussed here as sites of potential encounter and interaction that form part of the public sphere. These aspects seem both underestimated as well as underused as media facades tend to be limited to pre-programmed and primarily ornamental trivial response patterns, or to serving as oversized displays. This paper discusses media facades from an architectural rather than a technological perspective and critically assesses the promises of interactivity as well as implications of such facades on urban public space.

69.Corpora for document-level neural machine translation

Author:Liu,Siyou;Zhang,Xiaojun

Source:LREC 2020 - 12th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Conference Proceedings,2020,Vol.

Abstract:Instead of translating sentences in isolation, document-level machine translation aims to capture discourse dependencies across sentences by considering a document as a whole. In recent years, there have been more interests in modelling larger context for the state-of-the-art neural machine translation (NMT). Although various document-level NMT models have shown significant improvements, there nonetheless exist three main problems: 1) compared with sentence-level translation tasks, the data for training robust document-level models are relatively low-resourced; 2) experiments in previous work are conducted on their own datasets which vary in size, domain and language; 3) proposed approaches are implemented on distinct NMT architectures such as recurrent neural networks (RNNs) and self-attention networks (SANs). In this paper, we aim to alleviate the low-resource and under-universality problems for document-level NMT. First, we collect a large number of existing document-level corpora, which covers 7 language pairs and 6 domains. In order to address resource sparsity, we construct a novel document parallel corpus in Chinese-Portuguese, which is a non-English-centred and low-resourced language pair. Besides, we implement and evaluate the commonly-cited document-level method on top of the advanced Transformer model with universal settings. Finally, we not only demonstrate the effectiveness and universality of document-level NMT, but also release the preprocessed data, source code and trained models for comparison and reproducibility.

70.INTERACTIVITY IN VIRTUAL REALITY Learning from 3d game design tools

Author:Dounas, T

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:The present paper tries to explore the potential of visual-heavy tools in the creation of virtual reality worlds, with an emphasis on tools borrowed from 3d electronic games. Compared to earlier approaches in virtual reality creation the paper focuses on game design tools and provides a basic framework for interaction in virtual reality, based on classic rather than digital representations, which is then expanded using digital representations. In the second part of the paper a game creation tool is assessed based on its potential not only of usability but also on guiding the designer in specific paths to designing virtual worlds. The assessment is based on a case study of interaction design.

71.QUESTING FOR BRAND AUTHENTICITY OF LUXURY PRODUCTS: CONSUMERS' GOAL-CONTINGENT PROCESS AS SELF-IMAGE CONFORMATION ONLINE

Author:Kwok, S;Maguire, K;Shotte, G

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSFORMATIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN MANAGEMENT (ICTIM 2017),2017,Vol.37

Abstract:This paper draws attention to the question of brand authenticity of luxury products when consumers shopping online. Illustrations from most of the luxury brands show that marketers control the ways and timing of the marketing information dissemination process. Attributes of a luxury product, for example, material, craftsmanship, innovation, and design, are experienced by consumers under the strict control of marketers through the offline sales and marketing channels (Uche Okonkwo, 2007). However consumers are questing for authentic product through the use of Internet and mobile technology nowadays. The self authentication process which is a goal-contingent process is important to marketers to understand the consumers' questing behavior, but how the goals are generated is still unknown to us despite a lot of social-research are carried out. This paper presents an exploratory study, on a pilot case study basis, from psychological perspective, the role and function of the self-image conformation concept of consumers in their questing process of the authenticity of luxury brands that with the goals and associate benefit pursuance in their mind.

72.Innovation-Driven Teaching and Learning in Internet plus Age

Author:Li, GM

Source:3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (ICESD 2017),2017,Vol.129

Abstract:Continuous reform and development in teaching and learning are topics for discussion and research in any higher education institutions. Recent movement in "education rethinking, university reshape and teaching-learning redefinition" has driven reforms in the higher education (HE) into a new level that innovative teaching and learning is an important key indicator in this movement and in response to the environmental changes. This paper reports our trial and practice in innovative teaching and learning following a proposed "improved innovative teaching and learning" (IITL) model. CSE3 13 "Big Data Analytics" module is used in the trail. Both dual-direction and multi-round dialog-based interaction and scenario-based sense-making are used in the module delivery defined by the proposed model. The success and licenses learnt are reported to shed lights on the similar future practices for others.

73.DESIGN ENIGMA A typographical metaphor for enigmatic processes, including designing

Author:Fischer, T

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:Presenting a hard-to-predict typography-varying system predicated on Nazi-era cryptography, this paper illustrates conditions under which unrepeatable phenomena can arise, even from straight-forward mechanisms. Such conditions arise where systems are observed from outside of boundaries that arise through their observation, and where such systems refer to themselves in a circular fashion. This illustration aims to show the dilemma of scientific design research: Objective outsiders are mystified while those subjectively involved understand.

74.THE ROLE OF PHOTO-REALISTIC AND CARTOON AVATARS IN A BLENDED-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

Author:Craig, P;Roa-Seiler, N;Saucedo, AB;Diaz, MM;Santos, JC;Rosano, FL

Source:EDULEARN14: 6TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND NEW LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES,2014,Vol.

Abstract:This paper investigates the use of photo-realistic and cartoon avatars to encourage involvement and maintain a more consistent teacher-student relationship between the physical and electronic classrooms in a blended-learning environment. Our results showed that students perceived a photorealistic as being more like the teacher and a cartoon style avatar as more of a teaching assistant or teacher's helper. They also felt more encouraged to engage with the teacher and interact in class after using the cartoon avatar and would prefer to use the photorealistic avatar for e-learning classes in the future if the technology were to advance to remove certain artifacts of the display that can cause an unsettling 'uncanny valley' effect. An appropriate and practical combination of cartoon and photorealistic avatars would be for photorealistic avatars to introduce courses and exams with cartoon avatars helping with course material.

75.Evaluation of Learning and Teaching Practice for Design-oriented Engineering Modules

Author:Chen, M;Zhang, SQ;Tenbhomer, M;Tate, D

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2018 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH (ICHSSR 2018),2018,Vol.213

Abstract:Learning and teaching of engineering modules to design-oriented students is always a very challenging task for a transdisciplinary programme. In this paper, different evaluation models and approaches of teaching were discussed and extended. In particular, mechanics module "Statics and Solids" was taken as the application example to demonstrate the significance of evaluation. Students' evaluation questionnaire and colleagues' peer review are mainly analyzed for the further step of action. Reflections and positive changes were did based on the analysis of the former experience. Finally further reflection on modules connection and research-led learning and teaching were discussed.

76.Collaborative Public Space in China: Two Waterfront Projects, Shanghai and Suzhou

Author:Hoskyns, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This paper discusses public space in China and explores how theories of public space can be applied to two waterfront projects. As case studies the paper compares two public waterfront projects: The 18 km Jinji Lake project in Suzhou and the 45km Huangpu River waterfront project in Shanghai, both completed in 2018. The Jinji lake development in the heart of Suzhou designed by EDAW later AECOM also boasts inclusive 2 4 / 7 access and people centered design. Democratic theory is commonly used in the West to discuss public space however Limin Hee argues that the discourse as understood in the western democratic tradition is not adequate for Asian cities (Hee, 2017). Constructing Singapore Public Space, Springer) This paper finds that although the idea of public space in China is argued to be an evolving concept (Gaubatz, 2008, pp 72-83), notions of democratic participation, Human Centered Design (HCD) and place-making methods are central development policy in Chinese cities. Whereas terms like vibrancy and vitality are commonly used by scholars to evaluate and discuss public space in China, rather than democratic theory, theories from western scholars such as Habermas's theory of the public sphere are also relevant and collaborative practices between civil society and the state are key to the participatory nature of Chinese public space.

77.DRAWING THE INVISIBLE: VISUALIZING PERSONAL SPACES

Author:Ivanovic, GW

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2013): OPEN SYSTEMS,2013,Vol.

Abstract:The present research discusses the importance of human activity as a place-making coordinate, and proposes the Activity Counter Maps (ACM) as a methodology for visualizing people's social spaces. Through two case studies, the ACM were tested for creating representations of both intensity of occupation in public spaces and people's public distances combined into a unified "three-dimensional public shape". The research analyses the resulted images and discusses its possible applications for digital design.

78.MEASURING THE PERCEPTIVE INTRICACY OF THE CHINESE SCHOLAR GARDEN

Author:Wang, HF;Herr, CM

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:The carefully orchestrated relationship between view and movement forms a core composition principle of Chinese scholar gardens to create poetic depth. We focus on one characteristic case study to examine the intricate spatial relationships between what is visible and what is accessible from the garden visitor's perspective. We examine the garden layout through a quantitative approach based on Visibility Graph Analysis. We identify a certain congruence between visibility and accessibility patterns, and propose that a network of strategically distributed overview spaces is employed throughout the garden to counterbalance tensions generated from disjunction between visibility and accessibility. The paper offers new insights into how quantifiable aspects of the garden can be used to generate qualitative perceptions of elegant restraint and compositional intricacy.

79.Specification analysis in regime-switching continuous-time diffusion models for market volatility

Author:Bu, R;Cheng, J;Hadri, K

Source:STUDIES IN NONLINEAR DYNAMICS AND ECONOMETRICS,2017,Vol.21

Abstract:We examine model specification in regime-switching continuous-time diffusions for modeling S&P 500 Volatility Index (VIX). Our investigation is carried out under two nonlinear diffusion frameworks, the NLDCEV and the CIRCEV frameworks, and our focus is on the nonlinearity in regime-dependent drift and diffusion terms, the switching components, and the endogeneity in regime changes. While we find strong evidence of regime-switching effects, models with a switching diffusion term capture the VIX dynamics considerably better than models with only a switching drift, confirming the presence and importance of volatility regimes. Strong evidence of nonlinear endogeneity in regime changes is also detected. Meanwhile, we find significant nonlinearity in the regime-dependent diffusion specification, suggesting that the nonlinearity in the VIX dynamics cannot be accounted for by regime-switching effects alone. Finally, we find that models based on the CIRCEV specification are significantly closer to the true data generating process of VIX than models based on the NLDCEV specification uniformly across all regime-switching specifications.

80.'Global modernity' in China and France: Flattening boundaries between Foreign Brandscapes & Regional Urban Heritage

Author:Troiani, I

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This paper studies transnational architecture and 'global modernity' through the reading of two photographs of foreign, iconic buildings in China and France. The first photograph by Hufton + Crow (2012) is of the Galaxy SOHO in Beijing by the Iraqi-born, British architect, Zaha Hadid Architect (ZHA) in collaboration with the state-owned Chinese BIAD (Beijing Institute of Architecture and Design). The landmark, futurist ZHA building looks to have gobbled up the local urban heritage around it. The second photograph by Marc Petitjean taken in 1975 is of the Pompidou Centre in Paris under-construction and was designed by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano with Gianfranco Franchini. In front of the Pompidou Centre is Gordon Matta-Clark's Conical Intersect (1975) contained within a row of soon-to-be demolished 17th century town houses. Both the Galaxy SOHO and the Centre Pompidou are examples of transnational architecture where foreign architects crossing new global market frontiers, design landmark buildings at the expense of local heritage. They show how the rise in image culture tied to capitalism - through global branding and brandscapes - and promoted by 'governmentality' nurtures a culture of producing and consuming foreign architecture to redefine the image of nation state. The paper discusses how globalisation 'flattens' regionalism for modernisation. Foreign architects working on transnational architecture and their clients have an ethical responsibility to resist 'cultural [architectural] imperialism' (including the visual allure of the West as the alpha culture) and should instead engage deeply with regional and domestic urban values, typologies, scales and traditions to be critical of global capitalism.

81.Ubiquitous Digital Repositories In the Design Studio

Author:Dounas, T;Spaeth, B

Source:ECAADE 2016: COMPLEXITY & SIMPLICITY, VOL 1,2016,Vol.

Abstract:The paper investigates the usability and effect of a ubiquitous digital repository in the architectural design process. Acknowledging the post-digital era where students work with diverse media either digital or analogue, the project explores the suitability of a digital log in augmenting conceptual thinking, feedback provision and intellectual exchange by means of a studio in an architectural undergraduate course. Students integrate a digital log into their workflow resolving a design task of an architectural studio. A server-based repository serves as students 'individual archive as well as a share-point for peer-students' informal exchange and tutors' feedback. The conclusion of the study is that sketching and organization habits from the analog media the students have learned persist even with a more digitally inclined generation. The use of digital tools that obliterate the analog-digital division, holding the best of both worlds are still subject to the constraints of timely introduction in the curriculum, cultural resistance in terms of organization of a project and more so void of experimentation in their use by students.

82.The study of contemporary Chinese politics: a reader's guide

Author:Goodman, DSG

Source:HANDBOOK OF THE POLITICS OF CHINA,2015,Vol.

83.THE DETERMINANTS OF GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF FDI: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS IN CHINA

Author:Zhang, N

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 12TH EURASIA BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS SOCIETY (EBES) CONFERENCE,2014,Vol.

Abstract:This study conducts an empirical analysis on the determinants of FDI regional distribution in China. The dataset used for this study spans from 1990-2008 and involves regional-level data from 300 cities in China. The key findings of this paper can be summarized as follows: at regional level, foreign investors base their investment decisions by tax rates, geography, labor costs and market size. Moreover, tax incentive effects are proved to be greater in the eastern areas than in the western areas. This study provides some valuable insights into foreign investors' decision making and the economic costs/ benefits of FDI, which have important implications for scholars, practitioners and policy makers alike.

84.A Comparison Research of RMB Exchange Rate Forecasting Model

Author:Yang, N;Yang, WY

Source:2016 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HUMANITY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (ICHSS 2016),2016,Vol.

Abstract:In recent years, the RMB's exchange rate fluctuations attract tremendous attention around the world. An important challenge is to identify of the predictability of RMB exchange rate. Consider of ARCH family models perform as the most efficient model type, this paper seeks to compare the forecast performance in exchange rate returns of different types of ARCH family models. The forecasting ability of ARCH family models by applying of autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity is investigated adequately, and the empirical investigation based on Renminbi exchange rate against GBP, EUR, JPY and USD between 1994 and 2006 is performed. Finally, we concludes the forecast performance of all models and analyzes relevant causes.

85.The Development of B2B E-marketing in Jiangsu Province, China: Opportunities and Strategies for SMEs

Author:Zhang, CW;Yuan, Y;Chong, WK;Man, KL;Dong, B

Source:INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: A GLOBAL COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE, VOLS 1-4,2011,Vol.4

Abstract:This paper is intended to develop an awareness of the performance provided by the business-to-business electronic marketplace (B2B e-marketplace) in conducting business-to-business electronic marketing (B2B e-marketing) in Jiangsu Provinces, China. Following a literature search, a number of research questions were postulated about B2B business models conduct their businesses via the e-marketing effectiveness of the B2B e-marketplaces. Drawing on the literature, this paper seeks to explore the marketing activities and business processes using the B2B e-marketplace and the other related technology to enhance the marketing functionality. An online questionnaire is conducted with samples selected from SMEs in Jiangsu Province. From the data collected, it can be found that there is a significant trend among SMEs in Jiangsu Province to adopt B2B e-marketing.

86.CHALLENGES TO THE ADOPTION OF BIM IN THE CHINESE AEC INDUSTRIES An Extended BIM Adoption Model

Author:Herr, CM;Fischer, T

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:Despite strong encouragement by government guidelines and promoting efforts by the software industry, BIM is adopted at relatively slow speeds in construction industries across the world. The study presented in this paper examines the challenges to BIM adoption faced in particular in the Chinese construction industry across architecture, engineering and construction. We review recent literature addressing BIM adoption, develop a critique of common approaches to BIM adoption, and then propose our own, extended model to describe and assess BIM adoption processes. To demonstrate the model's suitability to evaluate temporal and collaborative dimensions during BIM adoption processes, we present results from a detailed survey we conducted among Chinese AEC professionals based on the extended model of BIM adoption and discuss how current Chinese BIM adoption in practice diverges from overseas BIM adoption strategies.

87.Green building cluster: Key to China's green building industrialisation?

Author:Xu, Y

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Green building has become a primary development goal in China, but how to promote the scaling development of the green building industry remains challenging. This paper overviews the development of the global green market and identifies that green building has already become a global trend with important business opportunities. It further utilises the concept of 'Industrial Cluster' (Porter 1990) and discusses its adaptation to green building cluster since the late 1990s overseas. Cases in Europe and America prove its multiple benefits to the cluster members, cluster management, industrial development and regional economic growth. An effective green building cluster combines the traditional building sector with emerging areas of opportunities, and adapts to the local industrial basis and development conditions, including demand, factor, context, and related supporting industries (Diamond Model by Porter 1990). It argues that by extending the industrial chain, developing new knowledge, products, services and business relations, as well as inducing scaling impacts within and out of the cluster, the green building cluster conforms to the primary requirement of sustainable development and industrial upgrading. This paper concludes that the green building cluster has the potential to identify new growth points and promote large-scale green urban development in China, which further contributes to the reform of the prevalent yet unsustainable urban development in China which is property-led, investment-driven and energy-intensive.

88.Investigating thermal comfort and occupants position impacts on building sustainability using CFD and BIM

Author:Pazhoohesh, M;Shahmir, R;Zhang, C

Source:LIVING AND LEARNING: RESEARCH FOR A BETTER BUILT ENVIRONMENT,2015,Vol.

Abstract:Increasingly expensive and polluting sources of energy dictate the need of energy conservation in the society. The major energy consumption contribution in the operation phase of modern buildings is from their HVAC systems. Well planned HVAC systems may provide healthy and comfortable indoor environment, while poor design may result in wastage of energy. Traditionally the design of the systems is based on a constant number of occupants while the situational awareness of the system has been ignored. This paper focuses on the intelligence of the HVAC system in terms of its knowledge of the occupants of the facility in real time. Thermal comfort analysis is applied to study the indoor climate of buildings for efficient use of such HVAC systems. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used to model and simulate the indoor conditions. Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used to be a platform to integrate all the data and apply spatial analysis and Green building standards are embedded in the BIM model to evaluate the building sustainability. Based on the results, more reasonable allocation of individual's location in a room can be provided and an automatic control of lighting, air conditioning can be suggested to optimize energy consumption based on matching occupants' comfort level.

89.Architectural Design Optimization-Results from a User Survey

Author:Wortmann, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Although there is a substantial body of academic literature on Architectural Design Optimization (ADO), not much is known about actual ADO practices. This paper presents results from a user study of ADO in Grasshopper and compares them with previous studies. Compared to these studies, this anonymous, web-based survey employed a more relevant sample in that all eighteen respondents actually use ADO and in that they represent a mix of students, academics, and professionals. The survey's results highlight the importance of supporting meaningful selections from and better understandings of optimization results and question the ADO literatures' emphasis on evolutionary, multi-objective optimization algorithms. They thus guide future research and development on ADO tools and ultimately contribute to the design of a more resource- and energy-efficient built environment.

90.Modern Service Design Thinking on Traditional Culture-Based Services: A Case Study of the Service Businesses in Suzhou Old Town Areas

Author:Shen, X;Lo, CH

Source:CROSS-CULTURAL DESIGN: APPLICATIONS IN CULTURAL HERITAGE, CREATIVITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, CCD 2018,2018,Vol.10912

Abstract:This paper presents a case study that utilizes modern service design thinking techniques to investigate culture-based service businesses. The study is carried out in two heritage sites in Suzhou, which itself is a historical city located in the south of Yangtze River in China. Ethnographic methods are used to explore and collect the data. Service design thinking principles and methods are then applied to analyze the observed service businesses and identify common thematic issues and design opportunities. Service prototyping techniques are also used to review and rearrange a customer's journeys in the services. The result shows that modern design thinking concepts such as the user-centered approach can provide fundamental transformations to those services. It also illustrates a more cross-cultural development with the cross-cultural encounter between the modern design techniques and the traditional culture-based services.

91.The Development of Chinese People Study Abroad

Author:Qian, JL

Source:JOINT 2016 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (SSES 2016) AND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON FOOD SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (ICFSE 2016),2016,Vol.

Abstract:As the rapid development of Chinese economy and society, overseas study has been a growing trend in China. There is an increasing number of Chinese overseas students in the past decades and the development of overseas study shows different features in different periods. These different features result from different development stages of Chinese economy and government policy. In addition, economy and policy are two main factors that could influence the development of overseas study. Besides, as a coin has two sides, overseas study has advantages and also faces challenges. Thus, the advantages should be focused on and the challenges should be avoided. Overseas study of Chinese may face a bright future since its advantages overweigh disadvantages.

92.A Theoretical Review on Task-based Language Instruction

Author:Wang, YL

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM - EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY,2018,Vol.

Abstract:This essay presents a glimpse of the task-based language teaching mode (TBLT) as one of the most influential language teaching approaches in second language acquisition. After giving a clear definition of the approach, the essay explores the theoretical rationale for TBLT, first by introducing quite a few discoveries and hypothesis concerned to illustrate present understanding of the teaching methodology and then by comparing it with the traditional methods of language instruction based on presentation, practice and production (PPP). Then the essay analyses the factors that must be taken into account in designing efficient task-based lessons, factors such as the classification of tasks, thematic contents to be chosen, criteria for task difficulty, and effect depending on performance conditions. The essay also probes into some of the limitations and drawbacks of this approach. So the essay concludes by suggesting maintenance of a balanced application of integrative approaches so that TBLT can be complemented and enriched by other approaches.

93.Numerical simulation of the through-thickness cracking of concrete cover due to steel reinforcing bars corrosion

Author:Mirzaee, MJ;Alaee, FJ;Hajsadeghi, M;Chin, CS

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Concrete cover cracking due to the corrosion of steel reinforcing bars is one of the main causes of deterioration in Reinforced Concrete (RC) structures. The oxidation level of the bars causes varying levels of expansion. The rebar expansions could lead to through-thickness cracking of the concrete cover, where depending on the cracking characteristics, the service life of the structures would be affected. In this paper, the parameters which influence the required pressure for concrete cover cracking induced by the rebar expansion due to corrosion have been investigated through detailed numerical simulations. ABAQUS finite element software is employed as a modelling platform where the concrete cracking is simulated by means of eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM). The accuracy of the numerical simulations is achieved by comparison of the numerical results with experimental data obtained from the literature. The results reveal that the most effective parameter in the cracking process is the ratio of concrete cover depth to the rebar diameter. Using a previously proposed empirical equation and the numerical model, the time from corrosion initiation to the cover cracking is calculated and then compared to the respective experimental data.

94.IDENTIFYING BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS (B2B CSFS): CHINESE SMES' PERSPECTIVE

Author:Chong, WK;Tan, BL

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF ACADEMY OF INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP 2010,2010,Vol.

Abstract:The growing interests of Business-To-Business (B2B) e-Commerce have lead to a rapid progress towards "e" transformation for Chinese SMEs. Literature is indicative of the growth of the B2B sectors in all industries, and B2B e-Marketplace is one of the sectors that have witnessed a rapid increase. Consequence, the importance of identifying the B2B Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for improved value chain in B2B exchanges is extremely important for business efficiency. Therefore, there are three research objectives in this study; first to identify B2B CSFs for SMEs operating in the China's B2B market; second to empirically test the factors by targeting sample population in China from various industries; and third to propose a B2B CSF model based on the empirical results.

95.A Study of Hybrid DEA Model with Negative Data Based on Non-Oriented Measure

Author:Gao, LH;Ma, L;Wei, YY

Source:STATISTIC APPLICATION IN MODERN SOCIETY,2015,Vol.

Abstract:In this paper, we put forward a hybrid model with negative data (NOM-Hybrid DEA) and its two degenerate forms (NOM-DEA), conducted in-depth study of their mathematical model. Further, it is an empirical test to verify their actual effectiveness. It is not surprising that we have observed some places contrary to the Hybrid DEA theory, and give a reasonable analysis. This paper attempts to relax the conditions, from the semi-oriented to the non-directional, and extend from a single type of variables to the coexist type owing the radial and non-radial parts, when tackling the negative. At the same time, there has been a very important theoretical and economic significance, adopting the SORM idea to handle the negative problem.

96.PROCESS-DRIVEN CONCEPTS Digital agendas in studio teaching

Author:Diniz, N

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:This paper discusses studio design curricula using digital design as the medium to design process. The fundamental idea explored is that digital design thinking is fundamentally process driven as opposed to narrative driven and that digital design thinking leads to different way of conceptualising and solving design problems. The paper presents four studio case studies using different methodologies illustrating current digital design models. The types of studios chosen and the working methodologies adopted will be discussed in the light of understanding this shift of design conceptual thinking.

97.Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China

Author:Xu, YQ;Keivani, R;Cao, AJ

Source:IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND PROJECT APPRAISAL,2018,Vol.36

Abstract:This paper proposes a bespoke urban sustainability indicator framework in the context of China's prevalent property-led urban development. Emphasising local characteristics and incorporating underlying institutions, it advocates a more nuanced, holistic and dynamic approach when addressing sustainability issues. Selection of indicators were based on extensive literature reviews and tested through an international expert survey comprising both China-based and overseas-based experts. The two groups of experts have shown divergent views, with the former prioritising economic and institutional aspects over environmental and social factors. It also provides transferable policy insights into developing countries more generally, given many similarities in broader development challenges. Discussion on recent literature and urban development reinforces the applicability of these tailor-made indicators to not only monitoring but also explaining and predicting urban changes. We argue it is necessary to recognise the centrality of property-led urban development in urban sustainable development, and the need for examining the complex relations between the property sector and urban sustainability via inclusion of institutional analysis and a multi-method approach combining quantitative and qualitative evaluations.

98.BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS

Author:Fischer, T;De Biswas, K;Ham, JJ;Naka, R;Huang, WX

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

99.ASSESSMENT OF PEDAGOGIES

Author:Stankovic, N

Source:4TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED 2010),2010,Vol.

Abstract:We report on our experience with two pedagogies over a two year period, using one approach in each academic year, but the learning outcome remained the same. The first approach, in the first year, was backed up by Ian Sommerville's textbook, and the second by Bruegge and Dutoit's. The students came from three different curricula, and the class size in the second year was three times that in the first year. The difference in the outcome and in the meeting of the learning outcome has been strongly in favour of the second pedagogy. In this paper we compare the outcomes, provide a number of examples that explain the issues that the students had to deal with, and how the change in the pedagogy has improved the quality of the laboratory work without changing the project framework itself.

100.Investor protection and the value impact of stock liquidity

Author:Huang, T;Wu, F;Yu, J;Zhang, BH

Source:JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS STUDIES,2020,Vol.51

Abstract:This paper investigates the effect of investor protection on the value impact of stock liquidity. Using a sample of firms from 40 countries for the period between 1996 and 2010, we show that investor protection is positively associated with the value impact of stock liquidity. This association is robust to the difference-in-differences approach based on a natural experiment. Further evidence shows that the positive effect of home-country investor protection on the liquidity-valuation association attenuates in countries with globally integrated capital markets.
Total 100 results found
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