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41.A Mobile Sensing Kit for Urban Analysis For more legible, quantifiable intangible and temporary data

Author:Diniz, N;Liang, HN

Source:FUSION: DATA INTEGRATION AT ITS BEST, VOL 1,2014,Vol.

Abstract:This paper describes the design and testing of a mobile sensing kit for real-time urban site analysis. It aims to contribute to a discussion on the importance of sensing-based mapping of urban phenomena following our assertion that current delivery of urban analysis methodologies, with their emphasis on visuo-spatial analysis only, fail to create maps that reflect the nuanced and layered interrelationships between the people and the physical environmental space they live in. In essence, the paper will bring to light the set up components and deployment of a mobile sensing kit that allows for usually mapped static invisible data (air quality, temperature, humidity) to be mapped as visible data. In other words, we want to explore how real-time geo-referenced data collection can enhance traditional data mapping and visualization methods enabling designers to understand better the urban space.

42.From model to drawing and back: reversing the design process

Author:Raonic, A

Source:LIVING AND LEARNING: RESEARCH FOR A BETTER BUILT ENVIRONMENT,2015,Vol.

Abstract:This paper rethinks the role and the position of an analogue model within the design process, in the design studio setting, at the earliest stage of architectural education. The main argument set by this paper is that by altering the conventional organization of the design process, students' abilities to generate complex spatial configurations and demanding geometries significantly improve. By starting the design process with an analogue (physical) model instead of with a two dimensional drawing, students are early on equipped with an instrumental method that introduces them to the realm of genetic architecture, algorithmic thinking and the idea of analogue computing. This research is conducted within a regular design studio (level 1) where the coursework formulates the basic parameters. The result of this research is students' work analysed and evaluated by a defined set of criteria and documented in this paper.

43.Hysteretic behavior study of Y-Eccentrically Braced Frames with end-plate connected replaceable links

Author:Shi, FM;Zhao, BC;Tang, C;Xia, J

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:In order to investigate the hysteretic behaviors of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames with end-plate connected replaceable links, fourteen specimens of three series have been designed, concerning the arrangement of bolts, the number of bolts, the diameter of bolts, the thickness of end-plate of the link and the thickness of beam flange. The finite element software ABAQUS is adopted to simulate the hysteretic behavior of these series of specimens so as to analyze the effect of the relevant design parameters on the performance of hysteretic behavior, bearing capacity, lateral stiffness and the energy-dissipation capacity of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames in this paper. The results indicate that the behavior of Y-eccentrically braced steel frames with end-plate connected replaceable shear links is less affected by the connection. Only if the connections are so weak that joints fail earlier than the link will the behavior of the frame suffer a lot from the effect. In addition, the connection construction exerts a significant effect on the replaceable behavior of the link.

44.NON-TRIVIAL MEDIA FACADES

Author:Herr, CM

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:This paper presents a discussion of contemporary interactive media facades that complements the currently primarily technical framing of this field of research. Media facades, in the form of digitally orchestrated facade illumination, are discussed here as sites of potential encounter and interaction that form part of the public sphere. These aspects seem both underestimated as well as underused as media facades tend to be limited to pre-programmed and primarily ornamental trivial response patterns, or to serving as oversized displays. This paper discusses media facades from an architectural rather than a technological perspective and critically assesses the promises of interactivity as well as implications of such facades on urban public space.

45.The Prediction of Gold Price Using ARIMA Model

Author:Yang, XH

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCE, PUBLIC HEALTH AND EDUCATION (SSPHE 2018),2018,Vol.196

Abstract:Although,2016 and 2017 have risen, the international gold price has been in the doldrums since 2013. The volatility of gold prices will have a profound effect on the investment decisions of individuals, enterprises and countries. This study focuses on the figure of gold prices from July 2013 to June 2018 according to the World Gold Council, and aims to forecast and analyze daily gold price of USD in the first half of the month of July 2018 through the establishment of ARIMA model. This study also uses AC, PAC, AIC, BIC to estimate the accuracy of models. Empirical outcomes demonstrate that ARIMA (3, 1, 2) is the finest model to predict the gold price of USD. The estimate outcomes of ARIMA Model are vital for people to understand the efficiency of gold prices and make great investment choices.

46.PARAMETRIC CUSTOMISATION OF A 3D CONCRETE PRINTED PAVILION

Author:Fischer, T;Herr, CM

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2016): LIVING SYSTEMS AND MICRO-UTOPIAS: TOWARDS CONTINUOUS DESIGNING,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Advances in 3D printing technology have reached architectural scales with 3D concrete printing, a digitally controlled fabrication process in which fibre-reinforced concrete is deposited layer-by-layer to fabricate building elements. In this paper we present a brief overview of key concrete 3D printing related research development efforts, followed by a report on a research project into the parametric online customisation and fabrication of small 3D concrete printed pavilions. The research project is set in, and addresses possibilities and constraints of, the developing local Chinese construction context.

47.IT IS SO HARD

Author:Stankovic, N

Source:4TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED 2010),2010,Vol.

Abstract:Software engineering is a challenging discipline because the level of problem presentation is mostly high, dealing with design problems and abstract concepts. Even simple questions are often missed in students work, such as What do I need to know to make my design work?, What information or objects are missing in my design?, and Is my design consistent at the same level and across levels? It appears that the difficulty of producing structured documentation and acquiring the skills of expressing oneself in another language, such as the Unified Modeling Language (UML), or in a different way obscures the need for answering such questions. Even when the design is coarse, the understanding of the concepts and relating them to behavior, assigning behavior to objects, and thinking and solving problems at different levels of abstraction at the same time is difficult for most students.

48.Watching and Being Watched: Gender and Space in the Painting of the Qianlong Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour with a Comparative View

Author:Wang, YZ

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This article explores the female space in the painting of Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour, which depicts the daily life and activities of the eighteenth-century Chinese city Suzhou. From the observation of the painting, there are semi-open spaces along the streets in which females stand and watch the imperial parade. Women tended to be invisible in the public circumstance during feudal periods: this research analyses the presence and role of these female spaces and whether they can be seen as a step towards the modern space in the process of early-modern China. In analyzing these spaces, it focuses on the relation between the women's watching and being watched in the space, and how it represents the evolution of feminism consciousness in space in feudal times and, sequentially, how it evokes the consideration of feminist role in modern practice. The study shows that the semi-open space that hosts the female activities can be regarded as an epitome of negotiating space and gender in the urban context. Women in the painting were exposed to the public to a certain extent, while they were still within mental and physical boundaries in the female social structure of the Emperor Qianlong period. These negotiations indicate the transition of gender and space in the late Imperial China and present parts of the process of spatial modernization in the Jiangnan region. From the comparative perspective, this research further investigates the relationships of gender and space by focusing on the space along the streets in the Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour, located within the homogenous space of the Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival of Ming dynasty seen Canaletto's paintings of eighteenth-century Europe and Dianshi Zhai's pictorials of the late Qing period. The research traces space in these paintings and how it represents the feminism consciousness and the evolution of female space in different historical and cultural backgrounds by looking at the social relations of the production of the specific history of people's daily lives and the differences of social classes and nations.

49.The Possibility of Teaching Chinese Students of Architecture to Write (A House)

Author:Berstrand, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Writing, as the projection of a building, is integral to the discipline of architecture. In the specification, the architect describes the edifice from inside out so that it may materialise in accordance with the plan drawn up. There are other kinds of writing too, if not the writing of a house itself - a paper house built from words without even folding the surface of its flat ground. I propose to write this house by moving four times around my chosen site - an A4 sheet of white paper. Four times because tracing the contours of this field means turning a corner four times. Two times two, because when turning the paper itself, the writing splits across one side and the other. One times four, because writing a hole in the centre allows me to peep through this central void to charge the whole structure from within. And if, by then, the boundary of the site also splits, then a space will emerge between its double lines and I will have arrived in a new location - possibly a new kind of house. Can I write this house?

50.A NOTATION TO AID COLUMN AND BEAM LAYOUT DESIGN FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION IN CHINA

Author:Herr, CM;Fischer, T

Source:Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014): RETHINKING COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN: SPECULATIVE COUNTERCULTURE,2014,Vol.

Abstract:In this paper we report on the ongoing development of a toolkit to support the design of column and beam layouts for reinforced concrete structures in China. We present a visual, human-and machine-readable notation for architects and structural engineers to rapidly model column and beam layouts, as well as our underlying considerations. In conjunction with the toolkit, which consists of a CAD package, an editor, a parser, and an interpreter, the notation addresses aspects of local construction practice and supports design considerations including appearance, structural viability, constructability, and cost.

51.Application of Robotic Technologies for the Fabrication Of Traditional Chinese Timber Joints

Author:Zhao, JY;Lombardi, D;Agkathidis, A

Source:ECAADE 2020: ANTHROPOLOGIC - ARCHITECTURE AND FABRICATION IN THE COGNITIVE AGE, VOL 2,2020,Vol.

Abstract:The traditional Chinese building design was influenced by the climate and the sociogeographical conditions of the different regions in China. They were usually constructed out of wood relying on timber-joint based construction systems. Amongst the wide variety of the structural elements, the Dougong (bucket arch) is one of the most common components of traditional wooden framework buildings, presenting a high level of complexity. Parametric design and robotic technology enable new possibilities regarding its fabrication and application in contemporary architecture. Our paper will explore how the Dougong components could be reinvented through the use of parametric tools and robotic fabrication methods and thus applied to contemporary architectural structures. We will analyse and compare the properties of the original Dougong with the reinvented unit by using finite element analysis and digital optimization tools. Our findings will provide an insight into the traditional construction principles of the joint and how these can inform a design and fabrication framework for its application in contemporary buildings.

52.Initiate, Develop, and Implement a Strategic 360 Degree Performance Appraisal System to improving Employee Development for China-based Enterprises

Author:Pak, D

Source:2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT AND INNOVATION IN CHINA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY, BOOKS I AND II,2008,Vol.

Abstract:Performance Management has evolved from a simple method to where either the employees performance if below standard or above and a decrease or an increment was warranted. This prehistoric method left little to the overall development of the appraisal. Now, performance management is a structured interaction between team leader and subordinate, an annual or bi annual process whereby one could argue a SWOT analysis of the employee past performance is undertaken. Many organizations, not all, link their performance appraisal to merits. In turn, performance is still merit based, but opportunity to identify weaknesses and further training and development are included. As any tool or technique, criticisms will always prevail, either through misunderstandings or the fear of change etc. From this two paradoxes arise; "Some have even suggested that the process is so inherently flawed that it may be impossible to perfect it" (Derren, 1990) and Performance Appraisals "the most crucial aspect of organizational life" (Lawrie, 1990). This suggests that organizations require an amicable yardstick to measure performance. The author implies that times has changed; organizations require employees to go beyond efficient and effective, but rather. to distinguish themselves. Organizations require a tool to enhance performance, 360 Degree provides that, but without with out proper planning a framework to initiate, develop and, implement, disaster is imminent. This paper attempts to provide the guidelines required to satisfy that need.

53.OPTIMIZATION OF WINDOW-WALL-RATIO USING BIM-BASED ENERGY SIMULATION

Author:Zhang, C;Ong, LJ

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2017): PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES,2017,Vol.

Abstract:In this research, sensitivity analysis is applied to investigate the impact from U-values of walls, U-value of windows, and the window-to-wall ratio. The purpose is to find the co-relationship between those parameters with the building energy performance, including embedded energy in materials and operational energy during the lifecycle. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is used as a platform to obtain the material quantities and carry on energy simulation. A case study is applied for a manufactory plant in Suzhou, China. By applying both local sensitivity analysis and global sensitivity analysis, it is found that thermal properties of walls have insignificant impact on Operational Energy to Embodied Energy (OE-EE) relationship of Window-Wall-Ratio (WWR) whereas changing thermal properties of windows affects the OE-EE relationship behaviour of WWR. Lowering U-value of windows brings positive impact to the OE-EE relationship of WWR, and vice versa. Therefore, suggestions are made as reducing/increasing U-value of windows while increasing/decreasing the WWR of building.

54.Building energy management based on occupant location

Author:Pazhoohesh, M;Zhang, C

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Reducing building energy consumption has received growing attention in the recent decades. The primary energy consumption in buildings is related to heating, ventilation, cooling, and lighting systems. A well-design control system may result in a significant reduction of energy usage. This paper presents and implements three strategies to control and analyze energy consumption in buildings. The schedule, real-time monitoring and a multi-agent system are compared with the baseline energy consumption in a university office. Devices and human agents are introduced to investigate the real-time trend in energy usage and to optimize the consumption of energy, based on the location of occupants. Initial results demonstrate potential energy saving of 16%% in the office.

55.Energy Modelling and Retrofit of the Residential Building Stock of Jiangsu Province

Author:Cimillo, M;Calcerano, F;Chen, X;Chow, D;Gigliarelli, E

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:The contribution discusses the energy use and characteristics of the residential building stock in Jiangsu Province (China), with a focus on the potential of large-scale energy retrofit to mitigate environmental impact and running costs of its most inefficient vintages, while improving occupant comfort and reducing the need for demolition and reconstruction in the upgrading of the stock. While the historical part of the residential stock is profoundly rooted in the local traditions and adapted to the climate of the region, the development of the newer building typologies, that currently constitute the majority of the extant buildings, has been drastically shaped by different international influences starting form the 20th century. The study is part of a research conducted mainly by means of bottom-up energy modelling and simulation. The methodology involves the identification of representative typologies that can be modelled in detail and be assigned a statistical weight to typify the behaviour of the entire stock. Different sets of simulations can then predict the performance of the entire stock in in different scenarios. Preliminary results indicate a significant potential of relatively simple retrofit interventions to reduce energy use and, more in general, the environmental impact of the construction and demolition industry in the province.

56.The extensive and intensive margins of exports of firms in developing and emerging countries

Author:Regis, PJ

Source:INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ECONOMICS & FINANCE,2018,Vol.56

Abstract:Using a dataset of over 86,000 firms from 179 surveys in developing and emerging countries, this paper presents evidence of the relationship between the margins of trade and productivity. Consistent with heterogeneous firm theoretical models, firms with high productivity have both greater likelihood of exporting (extensive margin) and higher export volume (intensive margin). Access to credit increases likelihood of entry to international markets; however, credit does not increase export volume. Size is a robust indicator of exporting status and the volume of exports. Firms with foreign ownership participation tend to be exporters, while those with state participation tend not to be.

57.Exploring the Effectiveness of Student-generated Video Tutorials in Electronic Lab-based Teaching

Author:Lu, SF;Cheng, Y;Wang, XY;Du, Y;Lim, EG

Source:2017 IEEE FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION CONFERENCE (FIE),2017,Vol.2017-October

Abstract:Lab-based teaching in which hands-on experiments are to be conducted by students takes an important part for a wide range of engineering and science disciplines. In our current practice, the lab-based teaching involves live demonstration and tutorials after the off-line lab manual review. This has become particularly problematic when the number of students is large and insufficiency on the lab-supporting system becomes a common issue. In the meantime, even with a small number of students, it can be interesting to prepare the lab in a one-to-one tutorial. Well-designed video tutorials eliminate the time and space constraints on learning and provide comprehensive details to students to enable them focus on deepening the understanding of concepts, rather than spending majority of time on trouble shooting during the lab. With the full technical support from the Digital Learning Resources Hub at Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, we propose to involve student volunteers to generate a series of customized video tutorials for our electronics lab-based teaching practice. From the viewpoint of students themselves, these video tutorials are carefully designed based on students' learning needs to seamlessly integrate a wide range of theoretical and practical information. Under the supervision of staff, volunteers will be able to repeat their learning cycles with a different role and enhance their own understanding and knowledge structures, promoting the student-centered education model. Some scenery-based video tutorials will be used in the online quizzes questions to better prepare the students. The generated video tutorials will be shared across a number of electronic engineering modules to further investigate the effectiveness of these video tutorials. The effectiveness can be further explored using online questionnaires and online quizzes and evaluated by comparative studies.

58.A Sense of Japanese Aesthetics: The Role of Materiality in the Work of SANAA

Author:Yang, J

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:While the globalization of the styles and ideas has smoothed geographical and cultural borders, the contemporary Japanese architecture has retained a very distinctive style. SANAA is an internationally significant and prize-winning firm of architects whose works seem to exemplify this kind of architecture. Some of the distinctive features of their work are simplicity, transparency and formal austerity, as well as a peculiar ambiguity in the expression of materiality. What role does the materiality play in creating something uniquely Japanese out of modern architecture? Through a case-study of Louvre-Lens Museum, the paper investigates the role that materiality plays in realising the Japanese aesthetics, focusing primarily on two key material features that have been identified in SANAA's work: transparency and whiteness. Some concepts of Japanese aesthetics are investigated in order to have a better understanding of the idea of ambiguity and weakness embedded in Japanese culture, including the concepts of mono no aware, superflat and philosophy of Rikyu Grey. By analysing the materiality and luminance conditions of interior space of the Louvre-Lens Museum and impact of the environment and time on exterior materiality, the paper suggests that materiality turns out to be a vital tool in the creation of a more tactile and ambiguous experience of vision, which transformed the focus of architecture from form to sensibility and perception. The Japanese aesthetic of simplicity, ambiguity and ephemerality is subtly applied through the seemingly neutral expression of materiality in SANAA's architecture.

59.A Reexamination of Cultural-Based Effects on Judgment: The Impacts of Consumer Involvement and Product Involvement

Author:Wu, GH;Liu, X;Hu, J

Source:CELEBRATING AMERICA'S PASTIMES: BASEBALL, HOT DOGS, APPLE PIE AND MARKETING?,2016,Vol.

60.Achieving Competitive Advantage through Building an Intelligent Organization with Technological Innovation: The Case Of A Chinese Enterprise

Author:Tan, B;Cao, XW;Ahpak, D

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF 2010 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATION, MANAGEMENT AND SERVICE,2010,Vol.

Abstract:As the economy continue to grow dramatically, more and more Chinese companies are competing with not only "foreign invaders" in China's domestic market but also business giants in the global market. For a Chinese firm, having lower labour cost is no longer the best way to achieve and maintain competitive advantage (CA). On the other hand, technological innovation (TI) is widely recognized as the key to creating and sustaining CA. Therefore, the question is on how to improve the capability of TI. Based on the knowledge-based sustainable CA approach, through combining [1] building intelligent organisations model with TI, the aim of this paper is to investigate through a Chinese case study company on whether sustainable CA through TI and the relationship between improving TI and building an intelligent organisation can be achieved. Data is mainly collected through questionnaires and gathering data from databanks and archives. Key findings indicated that competitive advantage can be created from TI activities and that a flat organisational structure and efficient information system can help develop a learning organisation. Limitations of the research and suggestions for future work conclude the paper.
Total 100 results found
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