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1.Urban sustainability indicators re-visited: lessons from property-led urban development in China

Author:Xu, YQ;Keivani, R;Cao, AJ

Source:IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND PROJECT APPRAISAL,2018,Vol.36

Abstract:This paper proposes a bespoke urban sustainability indicator framework in the context of China's prevalent property-led urban development. Emphasising local characteristics and incorporating underlying institutions, it advocates a more nuanced, holistic and dynamic approach when addressing sustainability issues. Selection of indicators were based on extensive literature reviews and tested through an international expert survey comprising both China-based and overseas-based experts. The two groups of experts have shown divergent views, with the former prioritising economic and institutional aspects over environmental and social factors. It also provides transferable policy insights into developing countries more generally, given many similarities in broader development challenges. Discussion on recent literature and urban development reinforces the applicability of these tailor-made indicators to not only monitoring but also explaining and predicting urban changes. We argue it is necessary to recognise the centrality of property-led urban development in urban sustainable development, and the need for examining the complex relations between the property sector and urban sustainability via inclusion of institutional analysis and a multi-method approach combining quantitative and qualitative evaluations.

2.BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS

Author:Fischer, T;De Biswas, K;Ham, JJ;Naka, R;Huang, WX

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

3.ASSESSMENT OF PEDAGOGIES

Author:Stankovic, N

Source:4TH INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (INTED 2010),2010,Vol.

Abstract:We report on our experience with two pedagogies over a two year period, using one approach in each academic year, but the learning outcome remained the same. The first approach, in the first year, was backed up by Ian Sommerville's textbook, and the second by Bruegge and Dutoit's. The students came from three different curricula, and the class size in the second year was three times that in the first year. The difference in the outcome and in the meeting of the learning outcome has been strongly in favour of the second pedagogy. In this paper we compare the outcomes, provide a number of examples that explain the issues that the students had to deal with, and how the change in the pedagogy has improved the quality of the laboratory work without changing the project framework itself.

4.Architectural Design Optimization-Results from a User Survey

Author:Wortmann, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:Although there is a substantial body of academic literature on Architectural Design Optimization (ADO), not much is known about actual ADO practices. This paper presents results from a user study of ADO in Grasshopper and compares them with previous studies. Compared to these studies, this anonymous, web-based survey employed a more relevant sample in that all eighteen respondents actually use ADO and in that they represent a mix of students, academics, and professionals. The survey's results highlight the importance of supporting meaningful selections from and better understandings of optimization results and question the ADO literatures' emphasis on evolutionary, multi-objective optimization algorithms. They thus guide future research and development on ADO tools and ultimately contribute to the design of a more resource- and energy-efficient built environment.

5.Modern Service Design Thinking on Traditional Culture-Based Services: A Case Study of the Service Businesses in Suzhou Old Town Areas

Author:Shen, X;Lo, CH

Source:CROSS-CULTURAL DESIGN: APPLICATIONS IN CULTURAL HERITAGE, CREATIVITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, CCD 2018,2018,Vol.10912

Abstract:This paper presents a case study that utilizes modern service design thinking techniques to investigate culture-based service businesses. The study is carried out in two heritage sites in Suzhou, which itself is a historical city located in the south of Yangtze River in China. Ethnographic methods are used to explore and collect the data. Service design thinking principles and methods are then applied to analyze the observed service businesses and identify common thematic issues and design opportunities. Service prototyping techniques are also used to review and rearrange a customer's journeys in the services. The result shows that modern design thinking concepts such as the user-centered approach can provide fundamental transformations to those services. It also illustrates a more cross-cultural development with the cross-cultural encounter between the modern design techniques and the traditional culture-based services.

6.The Development of Chinese People Study Abroad

Author:Qian, JL

Source:JOINT 2016 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (SSES 2016) AND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON FOOD SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (ICFSE 2016),2016,Vol.

Abstract:As the rapid development of Chinese economy and society, overseas study has been a growing trend in China. There is an increasing number of Chinese overseas students in the past decades and the development of overseas study shows different features in different periods. These different features result from different development stages of Chinese economy and government policy. In addition, economy and policy are two main factors that could influence the development of overseas study. Besides, as a coin has two sides, overseas study has advantages and also faces challenges. Thus, the advantages should be focused on and the challenges should be avoided. Overseas study of Chinese may face a bright future since its advantages overweigh disadvantages.

7.A Theoretical Review on Task-based Language Instruction

Author:Wang, YL

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM - EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY,2018,Vol.

Abstract:This essay presents a glimpse of the task-based language teaching mode (TBLT) as one of the most influential language teaching approaches in second language acquisition. After giving a clear definition of the approach, the essay explores the theoretical rationale for TBLT, first by introducing quite a few discoveries and hypothesis concerned to illustrate present understanding of the teaching methodology and then by comparing it with the traditional methods of language instruction based on presentation, practice and production (PPP). Then the essay analyses the factors that must be taken into account in designing efficient task-based lessons, factors such as the classification of tasks, thematic contents to be chosen, criteria for task difficulty, and effect depending on performance conditions. The essay also probes into some of the limitations and drawbacks of this approach. So the essay concludes by suggesting maintenance of a balanced application of integrative approaches so that TBLT can be complemented and enriched by other approaches.

8.Numerical simulation of the through-thickness cracking of concrete cover due to steel reinforcing bars corrosion

Author:Mirzaee, MJ;Alaee, FJ;Hajsadeghi, M;Chin, CS

Source:SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES,2016,Vol.

Abstract:Concrete cover cracking due to the corrosion of steel reinforcing bars is one of the main causes of deterioration in Reinforced Concrete (RC) structures. The oxidation level of the bars causes varying levels of expansion. The rebar expansions could lead to through-thickness cracking of the concrete cover, where depending on the cracking characteristics, the service life of the structures would be affected. In this paper, the parameters which influence the required pressure for concrete cover cracking induced by the rebar expansion due to corrosion have been investigated through detailed numerical simulations. ABAQUS finite element software is employed as a modelling platform where the concrete cracking is simulated by means of eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM). The accuracy of the numerical simulations is achieved by comparison of the numerical results with experimental data obtained from the literature. The results reveal that the most effective parameter in the cracking process is the ratio of concrete cover depth to the rebar diameter. Using a previously proposed empirical equation and the numerical model, the time from corrosion initiation to the cover cracking is calculated and then compared to the respective experimental data.

9.IDENTIFYING BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS (B2B CSFS): CHINESE SMES' PERSPECTIVE

Author:Chong, WK;Tan, BL

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF ACADEMY OF INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP 2010,2010,Vol.

Abstract:The growing interests of Business-To-Business (B2B) e-Commerce have lead to a rapid progress towards "e" transformation for Chinese SMEs. Literature is indicative of the growth of the B2B sectors in all industries, and B2B e-Marketplace is one of the sectors that have witnessed a rapid increase. Consequence, the importance of identifying the B2B Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for improved value chain in B2B exchanges is extremely important for business efficiency. Therefore, there are three research objectives in this study; first to identify B2B CSFs for SMEs operating in the China's B2B market; second to empirically test the factors by targeting sample population in China from various industries; and third to propose a B2B CSF model based on the empirical results.

10.A Study of Hybrid DEA Model with Negative Data Based on Non-Oriented Measure

Author:Gao, LH;Ma, L;Wei, YY

Source:STATISTIC APPLICATION IN MODERN SOCIETY,2015,Vol.

Abstract:In this paper, we put forward a hybrid model with negative data (NOM-Hybrid DEA) and its two degenerate forms (NOM-DEA), conducted in-depth study of their mathematical model. Further, it is an empirical test to verify their actual effectiveness. It is not surprising that we have observed some places contrary to the Hybrid DEA theory, and give a reasonable analysis. This paper attempts to relax the conditions, from the semi-oriented to the non-directional, and extend from a single type of variables to the coexist type owing the radial and non-radial parts, when tackling the negative. At the same time, there has been a very important theoretical and economic significance, adopting the SORM idea to handle the negative problem.

11.PROCESS-DRIVEN CONCEPTS Digital agendas in studio teaching

Author:Diniz, N

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:This paper discusses studio design curricula using digital design as the medium to design process. The fundamental idea explored is that digital design thinking is fundamentally process driven as opposed to narrative driven and that digital design thinking leads to different way of conceptualising and solving design problems. The paper presents four studio case studies using different methodologies illustrating current digital design models. The types of studios chosen and the working methodologies adopted will be discussed in the light of understanding this shift of design conceptual thinking.

12.Corpora for document-level neural machine translation

Author:Liu,Siyou;Zhang,Xiaojun

Source:LREC 2020 - 12th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Conference Proceedings,2020,Vol.

Abstract:Instead of translating sentences in isolation, document-level machine translation aims to capture discourse dependencies across sentences by considering a document as a whole. In recent years, there have been more interests in modelling larger context for the state-of-the-art neural machine translation (NMT). Although various document-level NMT models have shown significant improvements, there nonetheless exist three main problems: 1) compared with sentence-level translation tasks, the data for training robust document-level models are relatively low-resourced; 2) experiments in previous work are conducted on their own datasets which vary in size, domain and language; 3) proposed approaches are implemented on distinct NMT architectures such as recurrent neural networks (RNNs) and self-attention networks (SANs). In this paper, we aim to alleviate the low-resource and under-universality problems for document-level NMT. First, we collect a large number of existing document-level corpora, which covers 7 language pairs and 6 domains. In order to address resource sparsity, we construct a novel document parallel corpus in Chinese-Portuguese, which is a non-English-centred and low-resourced language pair. Besides, we implement and evaluate the commonly-cited document-level method on top of the advanced Transformer model with universal settings. Finally, we not only demonstrate the effectiveness and universality of document-level NMT, but also release the preprocessed data, source code and trained models for comparison and reproducibility.

13.INTERACTIVITY IN VIRTUAL REALITY Learning from 3d game design tools

Author:Dounas, T

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:The present paper tries to explore the potential of visual-heavy tools in the creation of virtual reality worlds, with an emphasis on tools borrowed from 3d electronic games. Compared to earlier approaches in virtual reality creation the paper focuses on game design tools and provides a basic framework for interaction in virtual reality, based on classic rather than digital representations, which is then expanded using digital representations. In the second part of the paper a game creation tool is assessed based on its potential not only of usability but also on guiding the designer in specific paths to designing virtual worlds. The assessment is based on a case study of interaction design.

14.QUESTING FOR BRAND AUTHENTICITY OF LUXURY PRODUCTS: CONSUMERS' GOAL-CONTINGENT PROCESS AS SELF-IMAGE CONFORMATION ONLINE

Author:Kwok, S;Maguire, K;Shotte, G

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRANSFORMATIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN MANAGEMENT (ICTIM 2017),2017,Vol.37

Abstract:This paper draws attention to the question of brand authenticity of luxury products when consumers shopping online. Illustrations from most of the luxury brands show that marketers control the ways and timing of the marketing information dissemination process. Attributes of a luxury product, for example, material, craftsmanship, innovation, and design, are experienced by consumers under the strict control of marketers through the offline sales and marketing channels (Uche Okonkwo, 2007). However consumers are questing for authentic product through the use of Internet and mobile technology nowadays. The self authentication process which is a goal-contingent process is important to marketers to understand the consumers' questing behavior, but how the goals are generated is still unknown to us despite a lot of social-research are carried out. This paper presents an exploratory study, on a pilot case study basis, from psychological perspective, the role and function of the self-image conformation concept of consumers in their questing process of the authenticity of luxury brands that with the goals and associate benefit pursuance in their mind.

15.Innovation-Driven Teaching and Learning in Internet plus Age

Author:Li, GM

Source:3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (ICESD 2017),2017,Vol.129

Abstract:Continuous reform and development in teaching and learning are topics for discussion and research in any higher education institutions. Recent movement in "education rethinking, university reshape and teaching-learning redefinition" has driven reforms in the higher education (HE) into a new level that innovative teaching and learning is an important key indicator in this movement and in response to the environmental changes. This paper reports our trial and practice in innovative teaching and learning following a proposed "improved innovative teaching and learning" (IITL) model. CSE3 13 "Big Data Analytics" module is used in the trail. Both dual-direction and multi-round dialog-based interaction and scenario-based sense-making are used in the module delivery defined by the proposed model. The success and licenses learnt are reported to shed lights on the similar future practices for others.

16.DESIGN ENIGMA A typographical metaphor for enigmatic processes, including designing

Author:Fischer, T

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2012): BEYOND CODES AND PIXELS,2012,Vol.

Abstract:Presenting a hard-to-predict typography-varying system predicated on Nazi-era cryptography, this paper illustrates conditions under which unrepeatable phenomena can arise, even from straight-forward mechanisms. Such conditions arise where systems are observed from outside of boundaries that arise through their observation, and where such systems refer to themselves in a circular fashion. This illustration aims to show the dilemma of scientific design research: Objective outsiders are mystified while those subjectively involved understand.

17.THE ROLE OF PHOTO-REALISTIC AND CARTOON AVATARS IN A BLENDED-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

Author:Craig, P;Roa-Seiler, N;Saucedo, AB;Diaz, MM;Santos, JC;Rosano, FL

Source:EDULEARN14: 6TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND NEW LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES,2014,Vol.

Abstract:This paper investigates the use of photo-realistic and cartoon avatars to encourage involvement and maintain a more consistent teacher-student relationship between the physical and electronic classrooms in a blended-learning environment. Our results showed that students perceived a photorealistic as being more like the teacher and a cartoon style avatar as more of a teaching assistant or teacher's helper. They also felt more encouraged to engage with the teacher and interact in class after using the cartoon avatar and would prefer to use the photorealistic avatar for e-learning classes in the future if the technology were to advance to remove certain artifacts of the display that can cause an unsettling 'uncanny valley' effect. An appropriate and practical combination of cartoon and photorealistic avatars would be for photorealistic avatars to introduce courses and exams with cartoon avatars helping with course material.

18.Evaluation of Learning and Teaching Practice for Design-oriented Engineering Modules

Author:Chen, M;Zhang, SQ;Tenbhomer, M;Tate, D

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2018 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH (ICHSSR 2018),2018,Vol.213

Abstract:Learning and teaching of engineering modules to design-oriented students is always a very challenging task for a transdisciplinary programme. In this paper, different evaluation models and approaches of teaching were discussed and extended. In particular, mechanics module "Statics and Solids" was taken as the application example to demonstrate the significance of evaluation. Students' evaluation questionnaire and colleagues' peer review are mainly analyzed for the further step of action. Reflections and positive changes were did based on the analysis of the former experience. Finally further reflection on modules connection and research-led learning and teaching were discussed.

19.Collaborative Public Space in China: Two Waterfront Projects, Shanghai and Suzhou

Author:Hoskyns, T

Source:INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: ARCHITECTURE ACROSS BOUNDARIES,2019,Vol.

Abstract:This paper discusses public space in China and explores how theories of public space can be applied to two waterfront projects. As case studies the paper compares two public waterfront projects: The 18 km Jinji Lake project in Suzhou and the 45km Huangpu River waterfront project in Shanghai, both completed in 2018. The Jinji lake development in the heart of Suzhou designed by EDAW later AECOM also boasts inclusive 2 4 / 7 access and people centered design. Democratic theory is commonly used in the West to discuss public space however Limin Hee argues that the discourse as understood in the western democratic tradition is not adequate for Asian cities (Hee, 2017). Constructing Singapore Public Space, Springer) This paper finds that although the idea of public space in China is argued to be an evolving concept (Gaubatz, 2008, pp 72-83), notions of democratic participation, Human Centered Design (HCD) and place-making methods are central development policy in Chinese cities. Whereas terms like vibrancy and vitality are commonly used by scholars to evaluate and discuss public space in China, rather than democratic theory, theories from western scholars such as Habermas's theory of the public sphere are also relevant and collaborative practices between civil society and the state are key to the participatory nature of Chinese public space.

20.DRAWING THE INVISIBLE: VISUALIZING PERSONAL SPACES

Author:Ivanovic, GW

Source:PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESEARCH IN ASIA (CAADRIA 2013): OPEN SYSTEMS,2013,Vol.

Abstract:The present research discusses the importance of human activity as a place-making coordinate, and proposes the Activity Counter Maps (ACM) as a methodology for visualizing people's social spaces. Through two case studies, the ACM were tested for creating representations of both intensity of occupation in public spaces and people's public distances combined into a unified "three-dimensional public shape". The research analyses the resulted images and discusses its possible applications for digital design.
Total 98 results found
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