Prevalence and Socio-economic Impacts of Malnutrition Among Children in Uganda

Adebisi, YA;Ibrahim, K;Lucero-Prisno, DE;Ekpenyong, A;Micheal, AI;Chinemelum, IG;Sina-Odunsi, AB

[Adebisi, Yusuff Adebayo] Univ Ibadan, Fac Pharm, Ibadan, Nigeria.
[Ibrahim, Kirinya] Int Univ Africa, Dept Pharm, Khartoum, Sudan.
[Lucero-Prisno, Don Eliseo, III] Xian Jiaotong Liverpool Univ, Dept Hlth & Environm Sci, Suzhou, Peoples R China.
[Lucero-Prisno, Don Eliseo, III] London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Global Hlth & Dev, London, England.
[Ekpenyong, Aniekan] Univ Uyo, Fac Pharm, Uyo, Nigeria.
[Micheal, Alumuku Iordepuun] Kharkov Natl Univ, Sch Med, Kharkov, Ukraine.
[Chinemelum, Iwendi Godsgift] Univ Port Harcourt, Fac Pharm, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
[Sina-Odunsi, Ayomide Busayo] Univ Aberdeen, Sch Med, Aberdeen, Scotland.

NUTRITION AND METABOLIC INSIGHTS

Volume:12

DOI:10.1177/1178638819887398

Publication Year:2019

Document Type:Journal Article

Abstract

Malnutrition is one of the common problems that afflict the poor in low- and middle-income countries like Uganda. The rate of decline of malnutrition in the country has been very slow for the last 15 years. This problem is of utmost concern in this era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in which achieving the goals is imperative. The aim of our study was to review literature on the prevalence and socio-economic impacts of malnutrition among children under 5 in Uganda and provide recommendations to address identified gaps. This review assesses available evidences, including journal articles, country reports, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports, the United Nations International Children's Emergency Funds (UNICEF) reports, and other reports on issues pertaining to malnutrition among children in Uganda. Malnutrition, poverty, and chronic diseases are interconnected in such a way that each of the factors influences the presence and permanence of the other, resulting in a synergistic impact. The prevalence of acute and severe malnutrition among children under 5 is above the World Health Assembly target to reduce and maintain the prevalence under 5%% by 2025. There are also limited studies on etiology of anemia as regards its prevalence in Uganda. The study presents a better understanding of the social and economic impact of child malnutrition on the families and the country's development. The study also strongly suggests that, for Uganda to achieve sustainable development goal 2, financial investments by the government are necessary to address nutrition in the early stages of an individual's life.

Keywords

children Malnutrition Uganda socio-economic impacts

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